All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Japan and the International Whaling Commission: The Curse of Bilateralism in Multilateral Organizations
Unformatted Document Text:  11 aggregation of such studies for a wide variety of organizations would give great insight as to the prevalence of bribery in interstate relations in IGOs, and the degree to which multilateral organizations are soft vs. hard. Secondly, it employed an empirical analysis that is substantively different than the models employed in similar papers. Our model is inspired by the gravity model of international trade, and is useful for both specification reasons, and isolating the variables of interest in our study. We suggest it as a useful model for examining bribery in closed membership organizations, and find it especially well suited for the analysis of open membership organizations where soft multilateralism may be a function of both member recruitment and vote buying. Lastly, the paper contributed to a small, but quickly growing literature on the case of Japan and the IWC. Our findings are in line with Miller and Dolsăk (2007), and Strand et al. (2008), but our analysis is far wider in scope, both in terms of years studied and countries included. We conclude that while Japan’s aid may be a function of IWC interactions and the attempt to recruit members or buy votes, overall, the policy is still largely driven by traditional development concerns. References Alesina, A. and Dollar, D. (2000). Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why? Journal of Economic Growth 5, 33-63 Arellano, M. and Bond, S. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations". Review of Economic Studies 58, (1991): 277-97. Arellano, M. and Bover, O. "Another Look at the Instrumental-Variable Estimation of Error-Component Models". Journal of Econometrics 68, (1995): 29-52. Baltagi, B. H. and Wu, P. X. "Unequally Spaced Panel Data Regressions with AR(1) Disturbances". Econometric Theory 15, (1999): 814-23. Barrel, R. and Pain, N. "The Growth of Foreign Direct Investment in Europe". National Institute Economic Review 0, (1997): 63-75. Beck, N. and Katz, J. N. "What To Do (and Not To Do) with Time-Series Cross-Section Data". American Political Science Review 89, (1995): 634-47. Bhargava, A., Franzini, L. and Narendranathan, W. "Serial Correlation and the Fixed Effects Model". The Review of Economic Studies 49, (1982): 533-49. De Grauwe, P. and Mongelli, F. P. "Endogeneities of Optimum Currency Areas: What Brings Countries Sharing a Single Currency Closer Together?" ECB Working Paper Series 468, (2005). Deardorff, A. V. and National Bureau of Economic Research. Determinants of bilateral trade : does gravity work in a neoclassical world? Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research 1995. Egger, P. and Pfaffermayr, M. "Foreign Direct Investment and European Integration in the 1990s". The World Economy 27, (2004): 99-110.

Authors: Donahue, Kenneth. and Warin, Thierry.
first   previous   Page 11 of 14   next   last



background image
11
aggregation of such studies for a wide variety of organizations would give great insight as
to the prevalence of bribery in interstate relations in IGOs, and the degree to which
multilateral organizations are soft vs. hard.

Secondly, it employed an empirical analysis that is substantively different than the
models employed in similar papers. Our model is inspired by the gravity model of
international trade, and is useful for both specification reasons, and isolating the variables
of interest in our study. We suggest it as a useful model for examining bribery in closed
membership organizations, and find it especially well suited for the analysis of open
membership organizations where soft multilateralism may be a function of both member
recruitment and vote buying.

Lastly, the paper contributed to a small, but quickly growing literature on the case of
Japan and the IWC. Our findings are in line with Miller and Dolsăk (2007), and Strand et
al. (2008), but our analysis is far wider in scope, both in terms of years studied and
countries included. We conclude that while Japan’s aid may be a function of IWC
interactions and the attempt to recruit members or buy votes, overall, the policy is still
largely driven by traditional development concerns.


References
Alesina, A. and Dollar, D. (2000). Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why?
Journal of Economic Growth 5, 33-63
Arellano, M. and Bond, S. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte
Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations". Review of
Economic Studies
58, (1991): 277-97.
Arellano, M. and Bover, O. "Another Look at the Instrumental-Variable
Estimation of Error-Component Models". Journal of Econometrics 68, (1995):
29-52.
Baltagi, B. H. and Wu, P. X. "Unequally Spaced Panel Data Regressions with
AR(1) Disturbances". Econometric Theory 15, (1999): 814-23.
Barrel, R. and Pain, N. "The Growth of Foreign Direct Investment in Europe".
National Institute Economic Review 0, (1997): 63-75.
Beck, N. and Katz, J. N. "What To Do (and Not To Do) with Time-Series Cross-
Section Data". American Political Science Review 89, (1995): 634-47.
Bhargava, A., Franzini, L. and Narendranathan, W. "Serial Correlation and the
Fixed Effects Model". The Review of Economic Studies 49, (1982): 533-49.
De Grauwe, P. and Mongelli, F. P. "Endogeneities of Optimum Currency Areas:
What Brings Countries Sharing a Single Currency Closer Together?" ECB
Working Paper Series
468, (2005).
Deardorff, A. V. and National Bureau of Economic Research. Determinants of
bilateral trade : does gravity work in a neoclassical world?
Cambridge, MA:
National Bureau of Economic Research 1995.
Egger, P. and Pfaffermayr, M. "Foreign Direct Investment and European
Integration in the 1990s". The World Economy 27, (2004): 99-110.


Convention
Need a solution for abstract management? All Academic can help! Contact us today to find out how our system can help your annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 11 of 14   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.