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IGOs and the Determinants of Member State Interest Convergence
Unformatted Document Text:  In examining the effect of joint IGO memberships on interest convergence, I have to control for interaction between state agents outside of IGO structures. Since most of this contact comes through foreign ministry officials stationed abroad, I include a variable for extra-IGO contact, which identifies the lower number of diplomatic missions for the two states within the dyad-year ( EXTRA IGO CONTACT ) . While my theory predicts that IGOs whose members are largely democratic should be more conducive to persuasion and interest convergence, it may also be important to look at the similarity of the political regimes of the two states in the dyad. First, scholars have shown domestic regime type to be a strong predictor of UNGA voting . Second, socialization scholars argue that domestic factors may affect the degree to which states experience socialization within IGOs . In order to control for the difference in domestic political systems within the dyad, I therefore include a measure of domestic regime difference, which is the absolute difference of the two overall Polity scores (Democracy – Autocracy) within the dyad-year ( DOMESTIC POLITICAL DIFFERENCE ) . To control for economic contact and interactions, I include a measure of dyadic trade dependence ( DYADIC TRADE DEPENDENCE ) . This variable is trade dependence of the less dependent state. Bilateral trade dependence is total imports from the other state in the dyad plus total exports to that state from the second state, divided by the first state’s gross domestic product (GDP). 6 Since North-South differences have been found to affect differences in state interests expressed through UNGA voting , I also include a measure of relative economic development ( RELATIVE DEVELOPMENT DIFFERENCE ). Relative economic development is 6 Bearce and Bondanella also experimented with other trade specifications, including the sum of state 1 and state 2’s trade/GDP ratios. All of these specifications produced a similar statistical result. 24

Authors: Bondanella, Stacy.
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In examining the effect of joint IGO memberships on interest convergence, I have
to control for interaction between state agents outside of IGO structures. Since most of
this contact comes through foreign ministry officials stationed abroad, I include a
variable for extra-IGO contact, which identifies the lower number of diplomatic missions
for the two states within the dyad-year (
EXTRA
IGO
CONTACT
) .
While my theory predicts that IGOs whose members are largely democratic
should be more conducive to persuasion and interest convergence, it may also be
important to look at the similarity of the political regimes of the two states in the dyad.
First, scholars have shown domestic regime type to be a strong predictor of UNGA
voting . Second, socialization scholars argue that domestic factors may affect the degree
to which states experience socialization within IGOs . In order to control for the
difference in domestic political systems within the dyad, I therefore include a measure of
domestic regime difference, which is the absolute difference of the two overall Polity
scores (Democracy – Autocracy) within the dyad-year (
DOMESTIC
POLITICAL
DIFFERENCE
) .
To control for economic contact and interactions, I include a measure of dyadic
trade dependence (
DYADIC
TRADE
DEPENDENCE
) . This variable is trade dependence of the
less dependent state. Bilateral trade dependence is total imports from the other state in
the dyad plus total exports to that state from the second state, divided by the first state’s
gross domestic product (GDP).
Since North-South differences have been found to affect differences in state
interests expressed through UNGA voting , I also include a measure of relative economic
development (
RELATIVE
DEVELOPMENT
DIFFERENCE
). Relative economic development is
6
Bearce and Bondanella also experimented with other trade specifications, including the sum of state 1
and state 2’s trade/GDP ratios. All of these specifications produced a similar statistical result.
24


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