All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Janus-faced Social Movements: Factors that Influence the Choice of Non-violent over Violent Tactics in Political Movements
Unformatted Document Text:  (1994). Mid-level historical analysis like that proposed in this work can also allow for the complexity of causal relationships as Ragin (1987) illustrates. There are three primary forces that are hypothesized to influence group decisions: support, deterrence and grievance. The first factor, support, is most difficult to assess empirically. While there are some recent opinion polls gauging domestic support for some of these parties, this data is not available for many years. Similarly, while there are some sources that provide data on funding levels by international actors, these sources are not reliable or are only available for a small number of years. In light of these difficulties, popular support is gauged by a number of indicators, where available in primary and secondary sources. Outright opposition by other parties or governmental apparatuses, relative size of group rosters, mobilization for events, bulk of service use and amount of domestic funding all contribute to the overall assessment of domestic support. International support is similarly gauged, allowing for a variety of indicators to contribute to analysis, where available. Funding and diplomatic support are the key components of this concept and while funding is fairly intuitive, diplomatic support is more complex. Diplomatic support can range from the overt (sending in political/military advisors, blocking international attacks or harboring members) to the more subtle (abstract allusions to support in international press). Each of these is considered as differently weighted with overt diplomacy carrying more explanatory power in analysis. The second factor, deterrence, is composed of coercive actions by any state or international power against the parties in its own state. Everything from military to police actions against the specific group in question or the minority that it represents is included in the analysis of deterrence. The final factor, grievance, is defined as exclusion from the political or economic sphere relative to the rest of the population. Political inclusion includes access to positions of power, 17

Authors: Graham, Leah.
first   previous   Page 17 of 43   next   last



background image
(1994). Mid-level historical analysis like that proposed in this work can also allow for the
complexity of causal relationships as Ragin (1987) illustrates.
There are three primary forces that are hypothesized to influence group decisions: support,
deterrence and grievance. The first factor, support, is most difficult to assess empirically. While
there are some recent opinion polls gauging domestic support for some of these parties, this data is
not available for many years. Similarly, while there are some sources that provide data on funding
levels by international actors, these sources are not reliable or are only available for a small number
of years. In light of these difficulties, popular support is gauged by a number of indicators, where
available in primary and secondary sources. Outright opposition by other parties or governmental
apparatuses, relative size of group rosters, mobilization for events, bulk of service use and amount
of domestic funding all contribute to the overall assessment of domestic support. International
support is similarly gauged, allowing for a variety of indicators to contribute to analysis, where
available. Funding and diplomatic support are the key components of this concept and while
funding is fairly intuitive, diplomatic support is more complex. Diplomatic support can range from
the overt (sending in political/military advisors, blocking international attacks or harboring
members) to the more subtle (abstract allusions to support in international press). Each of these is
considered as differently weighted with overt diplomacy carrying more explanatory power in
analysis.
The second factor, deterrence, is composed of coercive actions by any state or international
power against the parties in its own state. Everything from military to police actions against the
specific group in question or the minority that it represents is included in the analysis of deterrence.
The final factor, grievance, is defined as exclusion from the political or economic sphere
relative to the rest of the population. Political inclusion includes access to positions of power,
17


Convention
Submission, Review, and Scheduling! All Academic Convention can help with all of your abstract management needs and many more. Contact us today for a quote!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 17 of 43   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.