All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Janus-faced Social Movements: Factors that Influence the Choice of Non-violent over Violent Tactics in Political Movements
Unformatted Document Text:  particularly terrorism—while other areas of their behavior are tacitly ignored. This project proposes a more generalizable test of the influence of environment forces on contentious behavior by incorporating multiple and arguably substitutable 1 aspects of behavior into analysis as outcome variables. Second, in the minimal research that provides a more multifaceted snapshot of these movements, the generalizability of findings is often sacrificed because each group is assumed to be too uniquely complex for comparison. Previous attempts to understand groups included in the proposed analysis have ignored their comparability, a gap which this proposed analysis seeks to remedy. This paper is organized into five parts. The second section introduces the reader to the disparate literatures combined in this analysis. The literature section begins with a brief overview of the political opportunity and environmental theories as well as theories specifically addressing the three factors of interest. It also addresses how these theories are used in this paper and the expectations that they provide for analysis. The third section comprises the methods proposed for the full project. Fourth, brief case studies will illustrate the patterns theorized in this project. Finally, the conclusion will discuss these patterns and expectations for future research. II. Literature and Theory Because the specific phenomenon covered in this work has never been directly addressed, a unique theory must be built from previous literature on related topics. The previous literature is divided here into environment and opportunity literatures. These literatures educate this analysis, providing factors that explain particular patterns of behavior by groups. Social movements are defined as expressions of “collective challenges based on common purposes and social solidarities, in sustained interaction with elites, opponents and authorities” (Tarrow 1998). Tilly (1995) groups broad subsets of behavior into his definition of 1 See Lichbach, 1987 for an expansion of the argument that violent and non-violent behaviors are substitutable 5

Authors: Graham, Leah.
first   previous   Page 5 of 43   next   last



background image
particularly terrorism—while other areas of their behavior are tacitly ignored. This project proposes
a more generalizable test of the influence of environment forces on contentious behavior by
incorporating multiple and arguably substitutable
aspects of behavior into analysis as outcome
variables. Second, in the minimal research that provides a more multifaceted snapshot of these
movements, the generalizability of findings is often sacrificed because each group is assumed to be
too uniquely complex for comparison. Previous attempts to understand groups included in the
proposed analysis have ignored their comparability, a gap which this proposed analysis seeks to
remedy.
This paper is organized into five parts. The second section introduces the reader to the
disparate literatures combined in this analysis. The literature section begins with a brief overview
of the political opportunity and environmental theories as well as theories specifically addressing
the three factors of interest. It also addresses how these theories are used in this paper and the
expectations that they provide for analysis. The third section comprises the methods proposed for
the full project. Fourth, brief case studies will illustrate the patterns theorized in this project.
Finally, the conclusion will discuss these patterns and expectations for future research.
II. Literature and Theory
Because the specific phenomenon covered in this work has never been directly addressed, a
unique theory must be built from previous literature on related topics. The previous literature is
divided here into environment and opportunity literatures. These literatures educate this analysis,
providing factors that explain particular patterns of behavior by groups.
Social movements are defined as expressions of “collective challenges based on common
purposes and social solidarities, in sustained interaction with elites, opponents and
authorities” (Tarrow 1998). Tilly (1995) groups broad subsets of behavior into his definition of
1
See Lichbach, 1987 for an expansion of the argument that violent and non-violent behaviors are substitutable
5


Convention
Need a solution for abstract management? All Academic can help! Contact us today to find out how our system can help your annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 5 of 43   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.