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Decision Makers' Use of False Analogies Causing Miscalculation and War
Unformatted Document Text:  Horan 36 The analogy’s evolution to defining Saddam Hussein as Hitler coincided with the rest of the World War II analogies. The President came to see terrorism and those who sponsor it, Al Qaeda and Iraq, as the Nazism and Communism of the twenty-first century. 71 The policy of appeasement in Munich previous to World War II was viewed as the opposite of what the Bush administration should do. Policy makers within the Bush administration believed that a policy of appeasement would fail with Saddam Hussein in the same way it had with Hitler in 1938. This continues the Hitler analogy yet also comments on the policies of World War II. In confronting Iraq, “the Bush administration...claimed the United States was facing a Hitlerian threat requiring a Churchillian response.” Learning from the appeasement at Munich and continuing the analogies between Iraq and the Axis powers, Saddam Hussein and Hitler, and terrorism as a “Modern Pearl Harbor,” President Bush and his administration asserted their view to the world on March 17, 2003 that “a policy of appeasement could bring destruction of a kind never before seen on this earth.” 72 Policy is clearly dictated by this analogy. The “Fight against Fascism,” a series of analogies made between the situation in Iraq and World War II, was the primary analogy of the Bush administration previous to the invasion of Iraq. Through connecting Saddam Hussein’s dictatorship to the Fascist reign of Hitler, President Bush classified the totalitarianism of Saddam a global evil. This eventually meant the creation of analogies between Iraq and the Cold War with references to Communism. To discredit Saddam Hussein, President Bush did not only compare him to Hitler but also deemed him a “a student of Stalin” 73 At a luncheon on Veterans Day, November 11, 2003, at the Heritage Foundation, 71 Moens, 210-211. 72 Noon, 353. 73 “President Bush Outlines Iraqi Threat.” Cincinnati Museum Center - Cincinnati Union Terminal: Cincinnati, Ohio. 2002 Oct 7. Office of the Press Secretary: The White House. <http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021007-8.html>.

Authors: Horan, Elizabeth.
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Horan 36
The analogy’s evolution to defining Saddam Hussein as Hitler coincided with the rest of the
World War II analogies. The President came to see terrorism and those who sponsor it, Al
Qaeda and Iraq, as the Nazism and Communism of the twenty-first century.
The policy of
appeasement in Munich previous to World War II was viewed as the opposite of what the Bush
administration should do. Policy makers within the Bush administration believed that a policy of
appeasement would fail with Saddam Hussein in the same way it had with Hitler in 1938. This
continues the Hitler analogy yet also comments on the policies of World War II. In confronting
Iraq, “the Bush administration...claimed the United States was facing a Hitlerian threat requiring
a Churchillian response.” Learning from the appeasement at Munich and continuing the
analogies between Iraq and the Axis powers, Saddam Hussein and Hitler, and terrorism as a
“Modern Pearl Harbor,” President Bush and his administration asserted their view to the world
on March 17, 2003 that “a policy of appeasement could bring destruction of a kind never before
seen on this earth.”
Policy is clearly dictated by this analogy.
The “Fight against Fascism,” a series of analogies made between the situation in Iraq and
World War II, was the primary analogy of the Bush administration previous to the invasion of
Iraq. Through connecting Saddam Hussein’s dictatorship to the Fascist reign of Hitler, President
Bush classified the totalitarianism of Saddam a global evil. This eventually meant the creation of
analogies between Iraq and the Cold War with references to Communism. To discredit Saddam
Hussein, President Bush did not only compare him to Hitler but also deemed him a “a student of
Stalin”
At a luncheon on Veterans Day, November 11, 2003, at the Heritage Foundation,
71
Moens, 210-211.
72
Noon, 353.
73
“President Bush Outlines Iraqi Threat.” Cincinnati Museum Center - Cincinnati Union Terminal: Cincinnati,
Ohio. 2002 Oct 7. Office of the Press Secretary: The White House.
<http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021007-8.html>.


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