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Hearts, Minds, and Tulips: The Contribution of Active Intelligence in Understanding Dutch Politics
Unformatted Document Text:  Capelos: Emotionality, Vote, and Party Identification - 20 - experience significant anxiety towards the candidate leading their party, rely on their partisan dispositions when they decide whether to support or not their party. On the other hand, voters who are anxious about the candidate leading their party, place more weight on contemporary information of the campaign regarding the candidates, and show reduced reliance on party dispositions. Similarly we expect that Dutch anxious voters will pay attention to the campaign environment and rely on leader evaluations rather than party heuristics, while complacent voters will rely more on party heuristics and not as much on leader information. In Table 3, I test this hypothesis with the 2006 DNES data. The columns marked ‘anxious’ and ‘complacent’ show the considerations that influence the decisions of the two groups. Anxious here are the voters who experience above average worry or irritation towards their own party. Table 3: Determinants of overall party support for complacent and anxious voters Anxious Complacent Leader Qualities .59*** (.03) .47*** (.02) Ideological difference -.006 (.004) -.001 (.003) Party affiliation .01 (.01) .03*** (.01) Constant .34*** (.03) .42*** (.02) Adj. R square .47 .32 N 341 925 Notes: + p<.10, *p<.05, ** p<.01, *** p<.001 Parameter estimates are unstandardised regression coefficients, standard errors in parenthesis. In line with our expectations, while complacent voters rely on their party affiliation and the qualities of their party leader to decide the extent of their support to their party, anxious voters bypass the party-centered criteria, and primarily rely on what they know about the party leader. These findings are in line with the American data on affective intelligence. Most people follow standard routines in their political evaluations, such as party heuristics. For the few voters that experience anxiety towards central political objects, as the party leaders in the USA or the parties themselves in the Netherlands, habitual voting is abandoned for the consideration of information related to the current campaign.

Authors: Capelos, Tereza.
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Capelos: Emotionality, Vote, and Party Identification
- 20 -
experience significant anxiety towards the candidate leading their party, rely on their
partisan dispositions when they decide whether to support or not their party. On the other
hand, voters who are anxious about the candidate leading their party, place more weight
on contemporary information of the campaign regarding the candidates, and show
reduced reliance on party dispositions. Similarly we expect that Dutch anxious voters will
pay attention to the campaign environment and rely on leader evaluations rather than
party heuristics, while complacent voters will rely more on party heuristics and not as
much on leader information.
In Table 3, I test this hypothesis with the 2006 DNES data. The columns marked
‘anxious’ and ‘complacent’ show the considerations that influence the decisions of the
two groups. Anxious here are the voters who experience above average worry or irritation
towards their own party.
Table 3: Determinants of overall party support for complacent and
anxious voters
Anxious
Complacent
Leader Qualities
.59*** (.03)
.47*** (.02)
Ideological difference
-.006 (.004)
-.001 (.003)
Party affiliation
.01 (.01)
.03*** (.01)
Constant
.34*** (.03)
.42*** (.02)
Adj. R square
.47
.32
N 341
925
Notes:
+
p<.10, *p<.05, ** p<.01, *** p<.001
Parameter estimates are unstandardised regression coefficients, standard errors in
parenthesis.
In line with our expectations, while complacent voters rely on their party
affiliation and the qualities of their party leader to decide the extent of their support to
their party, anxious voters bypass the party-centered criteria, and primarily rely on what
they know about the party leader. These findings are in line with the American data on
affective intelligence. Most people follow standard routines in their political evaluations,
such as party heuristics. For the few voters that experience anxiety towards central
political objects, as the party leaders in the USA or the parties themselves in the
Netherlands, habitual voting is abandoned for the consideration of information related to
the current campaign.


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