All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Deadly Theatre: Ethnicity as a Script for Violence
Unformatted Document Text:  What people are according to known criteria What people act out in front of others While the first four rows distinguish between objectivist and constructivist approaches to identity, the last row points to the defining feature of a performative approach, which is looking at ethnicity as that which people act out in front of others, and not a property that individuals or groups simply have. Ethnic performances and violence What exactly is a performance? Richard Bauman defines performance as “an aesthetically marked and heightened mode of communication, framed in a special way and put on display for an audience.” In this definition, Bauman emphasizes three elements that are of interest here. First, a performance is a “heightened” moment. It is marked off from everyday life as a special occasion or happening. Second, a performance pre-supposes a live audience or people who are present as spectators. The presence of an audience is what makes a performance a public event and not a private affair. Third, a performance involves the calculated display (or staging) of some set of meaningful actions. Performances are not public displays of nonsense, in other words. Rather, performances seek to communicate ideas and messages that are meaningful to the target audiences. The specific content of the communication depends on the situation. In addition to defining what a performance is, Bauman also points out the unique character of a performance—the fact that “no two performances are ever exactly the same.” Because performances are unique and do not happen all the time, there may be a special urgency to attend. When organizers announced a lynching that was to take place, for example, hundreds, even thousands, of people strayed from their normal routines and made special arrangements so they could attend. They did so because 8

Authors: Fujii, Lee Ann.
first   previous   Page 8 of 23   next   last



background image
What people are according
to known criteria
What people act out in front of
others
While the first four rows distinguish between objectivist and constructivist approaches to
identity, the last row points to the defining feature of a performative approach, which is
looking at ethnicity as that which people act out in front of others, and not a property that
individuals or groups simply have.
Ethnic performances and violence
What exactly is a performance? Richard Bauman defines performance as “an
aesthetically marked and heightened mode of communication, framed in a special way
and put on display for an audience.” In this definition, Bauman emphasizes three
elements that are of interest here. First, a performance is a “heightened” moment. It is
marked off from everyday life as a special occasion or happening. Second, a
performance pre-supposes a live audience or people who are present as spectators.
The presence of an audience is what makes a performance a public event and not a
private affair. Third, a performance involves the calculated display (or staging) of some
set of meaningful actions. Performances are not public displays of nonsense, in other
words. Rather, performances seek to communicate ideas and messages that are
meaningful to the target audiences. The specific content of the communication depends
on the situation.
In addition to defining what a performance is, Bauman also points out the unique
character of a performance—the fact that “no two performances are ever exactly the
same.” Because performances are unique and do not happen all the time, there may be
a special urgency to attend. When organizers announced a lynching that was to take
place, for example, hundreds, even thousands, of people strayed from their normal
routines and made special arrangements so they could attend. They did so because
8


Convention
All Academic Convention is the premier solution for your association's abstract management solutions needs.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 8 of 23   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.