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Latino Effect? Passing Tax and Bond Referenda in Illinois School Districts
Unformatted Document Text:  High Correlation of Latino Composition Variables Variables related to the foreign-born and Latino composition of districts were highly correlated, including the LEP and non-English student compositions, the percent foreign-born 1 , the percent non-citizen, the percent foreign-born Spanish-speaking and percent Latino variables. These latter two variables were particularly highly correlated with a Pearson’s correlation of . 972. We therefore decided to focus on percent Latino within a district as the key independent variable. The analyses were also run using the percent foreign-born Spanish speaking variable, and yielded nearly identical results. District Characteristics In 2000, there were 891 school districts in the state of Illinois according to data from the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core Data set. Forty-three percent of districts are in the suburbs, 42% are rural, while 12% are in towns, and 3% are in the central city (29 large districts). Many Districts Have Small Latino Populations A majority of Illinois school districts report having no LEP students and census data report low numbers of foreign-born persons among their total population. Fifty-three percent (467 of 874 districts) reported having no LEP students. Similarly, a majority of districts have less than 5% foreign-born and less than 5% Latino persons among their total population. Characteristics of Districts With Substantial Latino Populations Almost a quarter of Illinois school districts have over 5% Latino persons in the total district population. A comparison between districts with over 5% and under 5% Latino can be found in Table 1 on page 18. While there are fewer districts with substantial Latino populations, these districts serve more students overall than districts with under 5% Latino populations. This is not surprising due to the concentration of Latino districts in the central city and urban fringe. Districts with a sizable Latino population (over 5%) tend to have more Black students, a larger total population, a larger foreign born population in general, and a larger number of students 1 The foreign-born variable that was highly correlated with the percent Latino included all foreign-born persons, including those of Hispanic origin. There was a low correlation between the variable for the percent non-Latino immigrants and Latino immigrants (.285) and between non-Latino immigrants and percent Latino (.294). 4

Authors: McKillip, Mary. and Chapa, Jorge.
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High Correlation of Latino Composition Variables
Variables related to the foreign-born and Latino composition of districts were highly
correlated, including the LEP and non-English student compositions, the percent foreign-born
,
the percent non-citizen, the percent foreign-born Spanish-speaking and percent Latino variables.
These latter two variables were particularly highly correlated with a Pearson’s correlation of .
972. We therefore decided to focus on percent Latino within a district as the key independent
variable. The analyses were also run using the percent foreign-born Spanish speaking variable,
and yielded nearly identical results.
District Characteristics
In 2000, there were 891 school districts in the state of Illinois according to data from the
National Center for Education Statistics Common Core Data set. Forty-three percent of districts
are in the suburbs, 42% are rural, while 12% are in towns, and 3% are in the central city (29
large districts).
Many Districts Have Small Latino Populations
A majority of Illinois school districts report having no LEP students and census data
report low numbers of foreign-born persons among their total population. Fifty-three percent
(467 of 874 districts) reported having no LEP students. Similarly, a majority of districts have
less than 5% foreign-born and less than 5% Latino persons among their total population.
Characteristics of Districts With Substantial Latino Populations
Almost a quarter of Illinois school districts have over 5% Latino persons in the total
district population. A comparison between districts with over 5% and under 5% Latino can be
found in Table 1 on page 18. While there are fewer districts with substantial Latino populations,
these districts serve more students overall than districts with under 5% Latino populations. This
is not surprising due to the concentration of Latino districts in the central city and urban fringe.
Districts with a sizable Latino population (over 5%) tend to have more Black students, a larger
total population, a larger foreign born population in general, and a larger number of students
1
The foreign-born variable that was highly correlated with the percent Latino included all foreign-born persons,
including those of Hispanic origin. There was a low correlation between the variable for the percent non-Latino
immigrants and Latino immigrants (.285) and between non-Latino immigrants and percent Latino (.294).
4


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