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A Comparative Analysis of Illinois, Ohio, Colorado and South Dakota Park Districts and Parks and Recreation Departments to Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Indiana, and Michigan Parks and Recreation Departments
Unformatted Document Text:  Table 7 shows that per capita operating expenditures are nearly three times as great for park districts than parks and recreation departments, and capital expenditures are nearly four times as great. Thus far, the findings support the hypotheses that park districts are more effective in providing services. The findings also support that budgetary efficiency is greater for parks and recreation departments. The effectiveness of park districts appears to be the result of the higher levels of operating and capital expenditures that park districts are allowed to make. The efficiency of parks and recreation departments appears to be the result of the value that they are able to receive for their expenditures. To further test these hypotheses, linear regression is employed. The following table tests structure of government against total services to measure the strength of the relationship. In this table, park districts as a structure is the independent variable. Table 8 Linear Regression with Structure of Government as the Independent Variable Model R R Square Adjusted R Square Std. Error of the Estimate 1 .254(a) .064 .060 50.215 a Predictors: (Constant), park district Coefficients(a) Model Unstandardized Coefficients Standardized Coefficients B Std. Error Beta t Sig. 1 (Constant) 49.795 4.086 12.185 .000 park district 27.489 6.916 .254 3.975 .000 a Dependent Variable: total services 22

Authors: Emanuelson, David.
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Table 7 shows that per capita operating expenditures are nearly three times as
great for park districts than parks and recreation departments, and capital
expenditures are nearly four times as great.
Thus far, the findings support the hypotheses that park districts are more effective
in providing services. The findings also support that budgetary efficiency is greater
for parks and recreation departments.
The effectiveness of park districts appears to be the result of the higher levels of
operating and capital expenditures that park districts are allowed to make. The
efficiency of parks and recreation departments appears to be the result of the value
that they are able to receive for their expenditures.
To further test these hypotheses, linear regression is employed. The following
table tests structure of government against total services to measure the strength of
the relationship. In this table, park districts as a structure is the independent variable.
Table 8
Linear Regression with Structure of Government as the Independent Variable
Model
R
R Square
Adjusted R
Square
Std. Error of
the Estimate
1
.254(a)
.064
.060
50.215
a Predictors: (Constant), park district
Coefficients(a)
Mode
l

Unstandardized
Coefficients
Standardized
Coefficients
B
Std. Error
Beta
t
Sig.
1
(Constant)
49.795
4.086
12.185
.000
park district
27.489
6.916
.254
3.975
.000
a Dependent Variable: total services
22


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