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Constitutional Religion Clauses and State Religion Policy: Are the Two Correlated?

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Abstract:

This study examines whether 169 states follow three types of religion clauses in their constitutions. The presence of these clauses, using variables based on an independent data collection, is tested against the extent to which states engage in religious discrimination and religious legislation based on variables from the Religion and State (RAS) dataset. The results show a pattern which reflects both lack of full observance of these constitutional clauses and that these clauses have at best a limited impact on government behavior. In multi-variate analyses there is no correlation between clauses protectiong religious freedom and levels of religious discrimination and the bivariate analysis shows that most states with such clauses engage in religious discrimination. States with constitutional separation of religion and state clauses engage in less religious legislation but the vast majority of them engage in at least some religious legislation. This result is consistent in both the bivariate and multi-variate analyses. Clauses banning discrimination on the basis of religion or protecting equality regardless of religion have no impact on religious discrimination.

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religi (221), state (194), constitut (164), claus (157), religion (142), 100.0 (91), freedom (88), discrimin (83), f (56), variabl (56), legisl (51), law (49), democraci (47), studi (46), major (42), signific (41), test (39), right (38), includ (38), valu (37), type (36),

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religion constitution, discrimination, separation of religion and state
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Name: MPSA Annual National Conference
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http://www.indiana.edu/~mpsa/


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MLA Citation:

Fox, Jonathan. "Constitutional Religion Clauses and State Religion Policy: Are the Two Correlated?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual National Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 03, 2008 <Not Available>. 2013-12-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p268911_index.html>

APA Citation:

Fox, J. , 2008-04-03 "Constitutional Religion Clauses and State Religion Policy: Are the Two Correlated?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual National Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2013-12-14 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p268911_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study examines whether 169 states follow three types of religion clauses in their constitutions. The presence of these clauses, using variables based on an independent data collection, is tested against the extent to which states engage in religious discrimination and religious legislation based on variables from the Religion and State (RAS) dataset. The results show a pattern which reflects both lack of full observance of these constitutional clauses and that these clauses have at best a limited impact on government behavior. In multi-variate analyses there is no correlation between clauses protectiong religious freedom and levels of religious discrimination and the bivariate analysis shows that most states with such clauses engage in religious discrimination. States with constitutional separation of religion and state clauses engage in less religious legislation but the vast majority of them engage in at least some religious legislation. This result is consistent in both the bivariate and multi-variate analyses. Clauses banning discrimination on the basis of religion or protecting equality regardless of religion have no impact on religious discrimination.

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Associated Document Available MPSA Annual National Conference
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Associated Document Available Political Research Online

Document Type: application/pdf
Page count: 39
Word count: 10547
Text sample:
Constitutional Religion Clauses and State Religion Policy: Are the Two Correlated? Jonathan Fox Associate Professor Department of Political Studies Bar Ilan University Ramat Gan Israel +972-3-531-8578 foxjon@mail.biu.ac.il And Deborah Flores Attorney at Law PO Box 22593 San Diego CA 92192 858-278-1147 Deborah.Flores@gmail.com Presented at the April 2008 Midwest Political Science Association Conference in Chicago IL. (This is not the paper originally proposed to the MPSA. The original proposal "Restrictions on the Religious Practices of Religious Minorities" could not be
Index) .011 .890 -.133 .049 Log-Per-Capita GDP .204 .012 .287 .000 Democracy (Polity Index) -.424 .000 -.085 .158 Regime Stability .070 .355 -.048 .439 Log-Population .208 .001 .151 .003 df 168 168 Adjusted-R-Squared .437 .622 Means were substituted for missing data 39


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