Citation

Neighborhood Disadvantage and the Conditional Effect of ASVAB Test Scores on Adolescent Violence

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Abstract:

This paper examines the relationship between ASVAB test scores and involvement in adolescent violence. We integrate an individual difference model that emphasizes variation in test scores as an explanation for violence with a social-structural model that highlights the role of neighborhood socioeconomic context. Using the first five waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and a three-level hierarchical model results show that lower test scores associate with heightened violence, but that the test score-violence relationship is highly conditional on neighborhood contexts. Specifically, the test-score violence relationship is most pronounced under conditions of low neighborhood disadvantage. Theoretical Implications of the findings are discussed.
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Association:
Name: ASC Annual Meeting
URL:
http://www.asc41.com


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p269236_index.html
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MLA Citation:

McNulty, Thomas. and Bellair, Paul. "Neighborhood Disadvantage and the Conditional Effect of ASVAB Test Scores on Adolescent Violence" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, St. Louis Adam's Mark, St. Louis, Missouri, Nov 12, 2008 <Not Available>. 2014-11-30 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p269236_index.html>

APA Citation:

McNulty, T. L. and Bellair, P. E. , 2008-11-12 "Neighborhood Disadvantage and the Conditional Effect of ASVAB Test Scores on Adolescent Violence" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, St. Louis Adam's Mark, St. Louis, Missouri <Not Available>. 2014-11-30 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p269236_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between ASVAB test scores and involvement in adolescent violence. We integrate an individual difference model that emphasizes variation in test scores as an explanation for violence with a social-structural model that highlights the role of neighborhood socioeconomic context. Using the first five waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and a three-level hierarchical model results show that lower test scores associate with heightened violence, but that the test score-violence relationship is highly conditional on neighborhood contexts. Specifically, the test-score violence relationship is most pronounced under conditions of low neighborhood disadvantage. Theoretical Implications of the findings are discussed.


Similar Titles:
Can Structural Disadvantage Explain Effects of %Black or %Hispanic on Violence Rates: An Elaboration and Empirical Test

Converging Evidence for Neighborhood Effects on Children's Test Scores: An Experimental, Quasi-experimental, and Observational Comparison

The Black-White Test Score Gap and Racial Differences in Adolescent Violence


 
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