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Item Difficulty and Political Learning: Inter-item and Inter-individual Differences Model

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Abstract:

Although political knowledge is measured by items with varying difficulty levels, communication studies have not scrutinized the interaction effects between item difficulty and media use on political learning. Drawing from American National Election Study 2004, this analysis investigates whether item difficulty moderates the impact that media use and interpersonal communication have on political learning. We find a noticeable interplay between item difficulty and media effects. While television impacts knowledge about easy political items, newspapers affect the moderately difficult ones, and the contributions that interpersonal talk makes to political knowledge do not depend on item difficulty. Also, communicative behaviors might increase the easy knowledge, whereas socio-structural variables have more explanatory power for the relatively difficult political items. We discuss theoretical and practical implications, and also suggest a new statistical model that combines measurement model for ordered items with multi-level modeling.

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item (245), polit (199), knowledg (173), difficulti (130), model (129), effect (98), difficult (75), easi (72), 2 (69), level (66), learn (65), 1 (63), media (61), individu (58), differ (51), communic (51), run (44), head (44), measur (43), gen (40), random (39),
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Name: Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication
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http://www.aejmc.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p271786_index.html
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MLA Citation:

BAEK, YOUNGMIN. and Wojcieszak, Magdalena. "Item Difficulty and Political Learning: Inter-item and Inter-individual Differences Model" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Marriott Downtown, Chicago, IL, Aug 06, 2008 <Not Available>. 2014-12-01 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p271786_index.html>

APA Citation:

BAEK, Y. and Wojcieszak, M. , 2008-08-06 "Item Difficulty and Political Learning: Inter-item and Inter-individual Differences Model" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Marriott Downtown, Chicago, IL Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2014-12-01 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p271786_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Although political knowledge is measured by items with varying difficulty levels, communication studies have not scrutinized the interaction effects between item difficulty and media use on political learning. Drawing from American National Election Study 2004, this analysis investigates whether item difficulty moderates the impact that media use and interpersonal communication have on political learning. We find a noticeable interplay between item difficulty and media effects. While television impacts knowledge about easy political items, newspapers affect the moderately difficult ones, and the contributions that interpersonal talk makes to political knowledge do not depend on item difficulty. Also, communicative behaviors might increase the easy knowledge, whereas socio-structural variables have more explanatory power for the relatively difficult political items. We discuss theoretical and practical implications, and also suggest a new statistical model that combines measurement model for ordered items with multi-level modeling.


Similar Titles:
How Media Bias Affects Attitude Change: Studying Individual-Level Effects of Political Commentary on Changing Party Evaluations during the UK Election Campaign in 2005

Five antecedents of media effects: A model for comprehensive conceptualization of individual-level media effects


 
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