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Mediated Political Support: How Press Freedom, Media Ownership, and News Exposure Combine to Influence Support for Democracy and Political Institutions

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Abstract:

Citizens’ growing disaffection with the political system in the U.S. and elsewhere has been explained mostly in terms of institutional, economic, and cultural changes. In this paper we provide an additional explanation—one that recognizes the major political role currently played by the media. Specifically, we argue that the characteristics of a country’s mass media as well as the citizens’ news exposure combine to influence different dimensions of political support: from the diffuse, abstract level of support for democracy as an ideal form of government, to the more specific, concrete level of support for regime institutions (e.g., political parties). Instead of assuming additive effects of media ownership (public or private), media environment (pluralistic or restrictive), and news exposure on political support, we propose an interactive model, which we test using both aggregate- and individual-level data from the World Values Survey. In general, the data support the existence of interactive effects between a country’s media system and people’s media use when explaining variation in levels of political support. We discuss the implications of our findings for theories about media systems and public opinion.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

media (252), support (145), polit (135), news (96), countri (87), state (85), democraci (75), institut (70), press (70), regim (61), own (61), exposur (61), system (60), freedom (58), level (58), public (55), environ (55), govern (53), 1 (46), effect (39), individu (37),

Author's Keywords:

political support, media systems, press freedom, news exposure
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Name: International Communication Association
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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p295227_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Rivera, Gustavo. and Valenzuela, Sebastian. "Mediated Political Support: How Press Freedom, Media Ownership, and News Exposure Combine to Influence Support for Democracy and Political Institutions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott, Chicago, IL, May 20, 2009 <Not Available>. 2017-09-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p295227_index.html>

APA Citation:

Rivera, G. and Valenzuela, S. , 2009-05-20 "Mediated Political Support: How Press Freedom, Media Ownership, and News Exposure Combine to Influence Support for Democracy and Political Institutions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott, Chicago, IL Online <PDF>. 2017-09-11 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p295227_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Citizens’ growing disaffection with the political system in the U.S. and elsewhere has been explained mostly in terms of institutional, economic, and cultural changes. In this paper we provide an additional explanation—one that recognizes the major political role currently played by the media. Specifically, we argue that the characteristics of a country’s mass media as well as the citizens’ news exposure combine to influence different dimensions of political support: from the diffuse, abstract level of support for democracy as an ideal form of government, to the more specific, concrete level of support for regime institutions (e.g., political parties). Instead of assuming additive effects of media ownership (public or private), media environment (pluralistic or restrictive), and news exposure on political support, we propose an interactive model, which we test using both aggregate- and individual-level data from the World Values Survey. In general, the data support the existence of interactive effects between a country’s media system and people’s media use when explaining variation in levels of political support. We discuss the implications of our findings for theories about media systems and public opinion.


Similar Titles:
Good News and Bad News: The Differential Effects of Media Consumption on National and State-Level Political Trust

Mediated Politics: How Press Freedom, Media Ownership and News Exposure Influence Political Support


 
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