Citation

Gender Stereotypes and the Weapon Focus Effect

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Abstract:

Past research indicates that weapons may attract attention because they are often inconsistent with the contextual schema activated by eyewitnesses, and this inconsistency causes witnesses to attend to weapons more than they would to neutral objects. If this hypothesis is correct, an especially strong weapon focus effect should occur when a perpetrator holds an object that is primarily associated with the opposite rather than the same gender. As predicted, a folding knife reduced the accuracy of witnesses’ descriptions of a female perpetrator more than descriptions of a male perpetrator, but a knitting needle produced an effect in the opposite direction.
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Association:
Name: American Psychology - Law Society
URL:
http://www.ap-ls.org/


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p295594_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Pickel, Kerri. "Gender Stereotypes and the Weapon Focus Effect" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, TBA, San Antonio, TX, Mar 05, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-30 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p295594_index.html>

APA Citation:

Pickel, K. , 2009-03-05 "Gender Stereotypes and the Weapon Focus Effect" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, TBA, San Antonio, TX <Not Available>. 2014-11-30 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p295594_index.html

Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Past research indicates that weapons may attract attention because they are often inconsistent with the contextual schema activated by eyewitnesses, and this inconsistency causes witnesses to attend to weapons more than they would to neutral objects. If this hypothesis is correct, an especially strong weapon focus effect should occur when a perpetrator holds an object that is primarily associated with the opposite rather than the same gender. As predicted, a folding knife reduced the accuracy of witnesses’ descriptions of a female perpetrator more than descriptions of a male perpetrator, but a knitting needle produced an effect in the opposite direction.


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