Citation

Stepping-Up or Stepping-Down in Jury Deliberations: A Ladder of Lesser Included Charges in Homicide Cases

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Abstract:

The present study examined how mock-juries and jurors evaluate lesser-included homicide charges using 1) unanimity required verdict forms (must decide higher charges before lower charges) vs. 2) unanimity not required verdict forms (juries can consider all charges). We also included a radical verdict form (“step-up”) that asked juries to evaluate lower charges before evaluating higher charges. For a second-degree murder case, results indicated that unanimity jurors and “step-up” jurors were more punitive (found more guilt) than non-unanimity jurors. For a manslaughter case, unanimity jurors were more punitive than non-unanimity and step-up jurors. However, deliberations inhibited these differences.
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Association:
Name: American Psychology - Law Society
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http://www.ap-ls.org/


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p295715_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Schwartz, Shari., Winter, Ryan., Carlucci, Marianna. and Cosano, Darcy. "Stepping-Up or Stepping-Down in Jury Deliberations: A Ladder of Lesser Included Charges in Homicide Cases" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, TBA, San Antonio, TX, Mar 05, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-30 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p295715_index.html>

APA Citation:

Schwartz, S. , Winter, R. J., Carlucci, M. and Cosano, D. , 2009-03-05 "Stepping-Up or Stepping-Down in Jury Deliberations: A Ladder of Lesser Included Charges in Homicide Cases" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, TBA, San Antonio, TX <Not Available>. 2014-11-30 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p295715_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The present study examined how mock-juries and jurors evaluate lesser-included homicide charges using 1) unanimity required verdict forms (must decide higher charges before lower charges) vs. 2) unanimity not required verdict forms (juries can consider all charges). We also included a radical verdict form (“step-up”) that asked juries to evaluate lower charges before evaluating higher charges. For a second-degree murder case, results indicated that unanimity jurors and “step-up” jurors were more punitive (found more guilt) than non-unanimity jurors. For a manslaughter case, unanimity jurors were more punitive than non-unanimity and step-up jurors. However, deliberations inhibited these differences.


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Procedural Defects of Nine Steps of Japan's Jury Selection Procedure and Their Impacts on Jury's Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Composition


 
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