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Everyday Internet Use, Online Social Capital, and Social Movement Participation: A Study on the Korean Protest Against U.S. Beef Imports in 2008

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Abstract:

This study attempts to explore which particular Internet use patterns contribute more to building online social capital and then to reveal how online social capital has a direct or indirect influence on the contemporary social movement process. The study adopts Korea’s beef protest in 2008 as an exemplary case for the inquiry, since it has been one of the biggest grassroots protests which derived from the online sphere. The interrelations among a total of 10 variables, ‘Internet use patterns’ including informational use, financial use, social interactional use, product consumption and entertainment, ‘online social capital’ including bonding and bridging social capital and social trust, and ‘online’ and ‘on-street’ movement participation were examined using the structural equation modeling (SEM). The results suggest that online social trust accumulated by informational Internet use, and online bonding capital accumulated by interactional/contacting Internet use, effectively boost online-based movement and on-street protest participation.

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tt (2), aum (htt (2), ecent grassroot (1), indings (1), alle (1), 2 socia (1), ffline (1), ntroduce (1), se o (1), ntermediarie (1), earc (1), pac (1), elpin (1), nternet accumulate (1), erceiv (1), nformation qualit (1), xchange informatio (1), enera (1), ooste (1), se pattern (1), hat shoul (1),

Author's Keywords:

Online social capital, Internet, social movement participation, Korea
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Name: International Communication Association
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MLA Citation:

Kwon, Kyounghee. and Nam, Yoonjae. "Everyday Internet Use, Online Social Capital, and Social Movement Participation: A Study on the Korean Protest Against U.S. Beef Imports in 2008" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott, Chicago, IL, May 20, 2009 <Not Available>. 2017-09-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p299377_index.html>

APA Citation:

Kwon, K. H. and Nam, Y. , 2009-05-20 "Everyday Internet Use, Online Social Capital, and Social Movement Participation: A Study on the Korean Protest Against U.S. Beef Imports in 2008" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott, Chicago, IL Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2017-09-11 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p299377_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study attempts to explore which particular Internet use patterns contribute more to building online social capital and then to reveal how online social capital has a direct or indirect influence on the contemporary social movement process. The study adopts Korea’s beef protest in 2008 as an exemplary case for the inquiry, since it has been one of the biggest grassroots protests which derived from the online sphere. The interrelations among a total of 10 variables, ‘Internet use patterns’ including informational use, financial use, social interactional use, product consumption and entertainment, ‘online social capital’ including bonding and bridging social capital and social trust, and ‘online’ and ‘on-street’ movement participation were examined using the structural equation modeling (SEM). The results suggest that online social trust accumulated by informational Internet use, and online bonding capital accumulated by interactional/contacting Internet use, effectively boost online-based movement and on-street protest participation.


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