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In the Shadows Of Ronald Reagan: Civil Rights Policymaking in the Clinton Administration
Unformatted Document Text:  101 David Ellwood, Poor Support: Poverty in the American Family, (New York: Basic Books, 1988). 102 Elizabeth Drew, Showdown: The Struggle Between Gingrich, Congress and the Clinton White House, (New York: Simon & Shuster, 1996). For a sample of the rancorous debate see The Congressional Record, House, March 24, 1995, PH3742. 103 Quoted in Barbara Vobeja, “Moynihan Observing From the Wings”, Washington Post, June 4, 1995. 104 Moynihan, Miles to Go, p. 41. 105 None of the officials who resigned were African American. Unlike in the affirmative action case, Jesse Jackson did not threaten to challenge the President’s renomination or reelection. It should be noted also that African American opinion was generally supportive of the major elements of the bill signed by Clinton. See Katherine Tate, “Welfare Reform: Scrapping the System and Our Ideals” in Lucius Barker, Mack Jones and Katherine Tate, African Americans and the Political System, 4 th ed. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1999): 350-59. 106 Morris, Behind the Oval Office, p. 301. 107 DeParle, American Dream, p. 150. 108 Clinton, My Life, p. 720. Hillary Clinton in her memoir, however, does suggest that politics entered into the President’s decision, writing “…pragmatic politics entered…. If he vetoed welfare reform a third time, Bill would be handing the Republicans a potential political windfall. In the wake of the disastrous 1994 elections, he was concerned about further Democratic losses that would jeopardize his leverage to protect social policies in the future. See Living History, (New York: Simon & Shuster, 2003): 369. 109 DeParle, American Dream, p. 150. 110 Ibid. 111 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, Public Law 104-193, 110 Stat. 2105, enacted August 22, 1996. 112 Rebecca Blank, “Was Welfare Reform Successful?” Economist’s Voice, (March 2006)4-5. For detailed studies of how women struggle to survive under welfare reform see Lynneil Hancock, Hands to Work: The Stories of Three Families Facing the Welfare Clock, (New York: William Morrow, 2002),

Authors: Smith, Robert.
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David Ellwood, Poor Support: Poverty in the American Family, (New York: Basic Books, 1988). 
Elizabeth Drew, Showdown: The Struggle Between Gingrich, Congress and the Clinton White 
House, (New York: Simon & Shuster, 1996). For a sample of the rancorous debate see The 
Congressional Record, House, March 24, 1995, PH3742. 
Quoted in Barbara Vobeja, “Moynihan Observing From the Wings”, Washington Post, June 4, 1995. 
Moynihan, Miles to Go, p. 41. 
None of the officials who resigned were African American. Unlike in the affirmative action case, 
Jesse Jackson did not threaten to challenge the President’s renomination or reelection. It should be 
noted also that African American opinion was generally supportive of the major elements of the bill 
signed by Clinton. See Katherine Tate, “Welfare Reform: Scrapping the System and Our Ideals” in 
Lucius Barker, Mack Jones and Katherine Tate, African Americans and the Political System, 4
(Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1999): 350-59. 
Morris, Behind the Oval Office, p. 301. 
DeParle, American Dream, p. 150. 
Clinton, My Life, p. 720. Hillary Clinton in her memoir, however, does suggest that politics entered 
into the President’s decision, writing “…pragmatic politics entered…. If he vetoed welfare reform a 
third time, Bill would be handing the Republicans a potential political windfall. In the wake of the 
disastrous 1994 elections, he was concerned about further Democratic losses that would jeopardize 
his leverage to protect social policies in the future. See Living History, (New York: Simon & Shuster, 
2003): 369. 
DeParle, American Dream, p. 150. 
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, Public Law 104-193, 110 
Stat. 2105, enacted August 22, 1996. 
Rebecca Blank, “Was Welfare Reform Successful?” Economist’s Voice, (March 2006)4-5. For 
detailed studies of how women struggle to survive under welfare reform see Lynneil Hancock, Hands 
to Work: The Stories of Three Families Facing the Welfare Clock, (New York: William Morrow, 2002), 

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