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Effect of social capital on academic achievement: Focusing on interaction between social capital and social class

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Abstract:

Although a number of studies suggest that while social capital has a positive influence on students’ achievement, it helps reduce educational inequality resulting from family background, it remains to be seen whether this is the case in South Korea where many parents from lower classes face challenges in caring children’s education due to the recent socioeconomic polarization. In this context, this study examines whether or not social capital helps decrease achievement gaps across different socioeconomic status groups and assesses which types of social capital play a more important role in children’s academic success. Using representative data from Korean Education Longitudinal Study (KELS) and ordinary least squares regression analysis, the authors find that students can achieve a better outcome when their parents provide them with more concrete and practical learning supports, rather than with general cares. Both parental educational expectation and social capital among friends are also found to have a significant effect on academic achievement. Another prominent finding is the fact that social capital of family and social class has an interaction effect on children’s academic achievement. More specifically, analysis shows the students from upper class benefit more from social capital with respect to test scores. This finding suggests that social capital, especially family social capital, intensifies educational inequality in South Korea rather than diminishing it.

Author's Keywords:

Social capital, Social class
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Association:
Name: 53rd Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
URL:
http://www.cies.us


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p302843_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Kim, Sue-hye., Hwang, Yeo Jung. and Shin, Su-young. "Effect of social capital on academic achievement: Focusing on interaction between social capital and social class" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 53rd Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Francis Marion Hotel, Charleston, South Carolina, Mar 22, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-30 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p302843_index.html>

APA Citation:

Kim, S. , Hwang, Y. and Shin, S. , 2009-03-22 "Effect of social capital on academic achievement: Focusing on interaction between social capital and social class" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 53rd Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Francis Marion Hotel, Charleston, South Carolina <Not Available>. 2014-11-30 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p302843_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Although a number of studies suggest that while social capital has a positive influence on students’ achievement, it helps reduce educational inequality resulting from family background, it remains to be seen whether this is the case in South Korea where many parents from lower classes face challenges in caring children’s education due to the recent socioeconomic polarization. In this context, this study examines whether or not social capital helps decrease achievement gaps across different socioeconomic status groups and assesses which types of social capital play a more important role in children’s academic success. Using representative data from Korean Education Longitudinal Study (KELS) and ordinary least squares regression analysis, the authors find that students can achieve a better outcome when their parents provide them with more concrete and practical learning supports, rather than with general cares. Both parental educational expectation and social capital among friends are also found to have a significant effect on academic achievement. Another prominent finding is the fact that social capital of family and social class has an interaction effect on children’s academic achievement. More specifically, analysis shows the students from upper class benefit more from social capital with respect to test scores. This finding suggests that social capital, especially family social capital, intensifies educational inequality in South Korea rather than diminishing it.


Similar Titles:
The effect of social capital within a family and students' affective characteristics on academic achievement

Achievement Gap Among Asian American Youths in Urban Context: Significance of Social Class, Social Capital, and Race Relations

Channels to Accumulate Social Capital: Effects of Face-to-Face Interaction, Telephone Use, and Internet Use


 
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