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A Review of the Activities of Selected Interest Groups in a Reparations Case, With Recommendations
Unformatted Document Text:  CURE Caucasians United for Reparations and Emancipation (CURE) was founded in 1992 by White Americans to support African-American efforts to obtain reparations. The organization has participated in many pro-reparations activities, including support of a petition to the United Nations in 1994, and a march for reparations in 2002. The organization engaged in several activities in support of Farmer- Paellmann et. al. The lead plaintiff in the case, Ms. Farmer-Paellmann, spoke at the organization’s national conference in 2004 and 2005, briefing the organization on the status of the lawsuit. 10 Members wrote letters to defendant corporations (e.g. Aetna) demanding they pay reparations for their involvement in slavery (Farmer-Paellmann 2008). The group also attempted to assist in fundraising for the case (Farmer-Paellmann 2008). A reporter for the organization wrote articles to keep the public informed about the status of the case. At the request of Ms. Farmer-Paellmann, the organization filed an amicus brief with the Supreme Court (Hakim 2008). The organization did not file a brief with the 7 th Circuit Court of Appeals. CURE was the only organization to file an amicus brief for the case. AFRE All For Reparations and Emancipation (AFRE) has primarily been involved in bringing the case of African-American reparations before the international community. Founded in 1994, the CEO of the organization, Silis Muhammad, has presented papers since 1994 at United Nations conferences and forums, the latest being in 2005 and 2006. 11 The organization did not officially engage in any activities in Farmer-Paellmann et. al. One member of the group did have ongoing correspondence with Ms. Farmer-Paellmann and assisted in a direct action effort of Ms. Farmer-Paellmann’s to boycott student loan programs of defendant corporations in the lawsuit (Farmer-Paellmann 2008). The organization’s lack of involvement in rallies and protests was because it had not been asked to participate and did not 10 11 19

Authors: Colvin, Deon.
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Caucasians United for Reparations and Emancipation (CURE) was founded in 1992 by White 
Americans to support African-American efforts to obtain reparations.  The organization has participated 
in many pro-reparations activities, including support of a petition to the United Nations in 1994, and a 
march for reparations in 2002.  The organization engaged in several activities in support of Farmer-
Paellmann et. al.  The lead plaintiff in the case, Ms. Farmer-Paellmann, spoke at the organization’s 
national conference in 2004 and 2005, briefing the organization on the status of the lawsuit.
wrote letters to defendant corporations (e.g. Aetna) demanding they pay reparations for their 
involvement in slavery (Farmer-Paellmann 2008). The group also attempted to assist in fundraising for 
the case (Farmer-Paellmann 2008). A reporter for the organization wrote articles to keep the public 
informed about the status of the case.  At the request of Ms. Farmer-Paellmann, the organization filed an 
amicus brief with the Supreme Court (Hakim 2008).  The organization did not file a brief with the 7
Circuit Court of Appeals.  CURE was the only organization to file an amicus brief for the case.
All For Reparations and Emancipation (AFRE) has primarily been involved in bringing the case 
of African-American reparations before the international community.  Founded in 1994, the CEO of the 
organization, Silis Muhammad, has presented papers since 1994 at United Nations conferences and 
forums, the latest being in 2005 and 2006.
  The organization did not officially engage in any activities 
in Farmer-Paellmann et. al.  One member of the group did have ongoing correspondence with Ms. 
Farmer-Paellmann and assisted in a direct action effort of Ms. Farmer-Paellmann’s to boycott student 
loan programs of defendant corporations in the lawsuit (Farmer-Paellmann 2008).  The organization’s 
lack of involvement in rallies and protests was because it had not been asked to participate and did not 

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