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A Review of the Activities of Selected Interest Groups in a Reparations Case, With Recommendations
Unformatted Document Text:  interest. A study by O’Connor and Epstein (1983) found that 18% of justice opinions contained references to amici (Neubauer & Meinhold, 478). As for decision-making on the Court, Neubauer and Meinhold (2004, 485) observe that ideological preferences and possible strategic maneuvering by judges to grant certiorari in cases the justices oppose on ideological grounds “makes the Court more prone to reverse the cases that it hears.” Segal and Cover (1989, 561) note a strong correlation (.80) between a justice’s ideology and decisions rendered on cases. Using a spatial model, Bailey and Maltzman (2008, 381) find that legal doctrines such as stare decisis, judicial restraint, and strict interpretation of the First Amendment, and not just ideology influence justice decision-making. Methodology The method of research used in this study was qualitative and included the use of primary sources (e.g. court opinions, interviews, newspaper articles, flyers, etc.) to ascertain the activities of selected interest groups in the case. The criteria for group selection was: (1) an established group in the African-American community with a long history of civil rights activism, (2) groups whose primary mission is to secure reparations for the African-American community. Thus, primary sources were consulted concerning the following groups: The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), The National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations (N’COBRA), The New Black Panther Party for Self-Defense (NBPP), The Nation of Islam (NOI), The National Black United Front (NBUF), Caucasians United for Reparations and Emancipation (CURE), and All For Reparations and Emancipation (AFRE). Semi-open ended phone interviews 5 were conducted with a high-ranking official in each group (or former high ranking official) with knowledge of the group’s activities in Farmer-Paellmann et. al. The first set of interviews and email communications was conducted between October and December of 5 9

Authors: Colvin, Deon.
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interest.  A study by O’Connor and Epstein (1983) found that 18% of justice opinions contained 
references to amici (Neubauer & Meinhold, 478).
As for decision-making on the Court, Neubauer and Meinhold (2004, 485) observe that 
ideological preferences and possible strategic maneuvering by judges to grant certiorari in cases 
the justices oppose on ideological grounds “makes the Court more prone to reverse the cases that 
it hears.”  Segal and Cover (1989, 561) note a strong correlation (.80) between a justice’s 
ideology and decisions rendered on cases.  Using a spatial model, Bailey and Maltzman (2008, 
381) find that legal doctrines such as stare decisis, judicial restraint, and strict interpretation of 
the First Amendment, and not just ideology influence justice decision-making.  
Methodology   
The method of research used in this study was qualitative and included the use of primary 
sources (e.g. court opinions, interviews, newspaper articles, flyers, etc.) to ascertain the activities of 
selected interest groups in the case.  The criteria for group selection was: (1) an established group in the 
African-American community with a long history of civil rights activism, (2) groups whose primary 
mission is to secure reparations for the African-American community.  Thus, primary sources were 
consulted concerning the following groups: The National Association for the Advancement of Colored 
People (NAACP), The National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations (N’COBRA), The New Black 
Panther Party for Self-Defense (NBPP), The Nation of Islam (NOI), The National Black United Front 
(NBUF), Caucasians United for Reparations and Emancipation (CURE), and All For Reparations and 
Emancipation (AFRE).
Semi-open ended phone interviews
 were conducted with a high-ranking official in each group 
(or former high ranking official) with knowledge of the group’s activities in Farmer-Paellmann et. al
The first set of interviews and email communications was conducted between October and December of 
5
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