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Unspeakable Subject and Decontextualized Consent: Taiwanese Legal Understanding of Rape
Unformatted Document Text:  cases 18 . After the discussion of various fields of society, the Supreme Court has made different opinions in the Fifth Tribunals Conference, 2008. It positively confirmed “violating the will” as the only constructed element, and does not require any methods similar to rape, coercion, drugs, or hypnosis, etc (Supreme Court of R.O.C., 2008). 2. The cultural understanding of “sex”, “violence” and “power” Carol Smart (1989) emphasized in her book, Feminism and the Power of Law, that legal discourse rhetoric itself is a set of systems that construct society; it gives social meanings and it creates the power of reshaping the society. Because she has been influenced by Foucault , etc. people’s post structuralism theory , she has further progress compared with other scholars who study legal rhetoric. Her analysis of this legal power is not always positive; it may be a kind of “power” layout and ruling technology. She pointed out that this set of ruling technology “disqualifies and overpowers other forms of knowing”. However, “violence” or “power” is the concepts that have been continuously discussed in the western culture and academic field. The forming and developing of these concepts develop the concept that has meanings regarding reality along with the local social cultural progress to present or guide the development of reality. However, a complete local discourse about “violence” or “power” has always been lacking in our Taiwanese culture. What will be defined as “violence” or “power” in Taiwan ? First, the definition of Criminal Law “sexuality autonomy”, in short, refers to “invading other’s field without one’s consent”, however the problem is, in Taiwanese our culture, we often intentionally or unintentionally invade another’s field, and invading itself often means the two people have a close relationship. 18 Two newspaper articles demonstrate the debate. Zhang (2008) defenses the verdict of the breast assault case. He argues that besides violating one’s sexual autonomy, enforced means to suppress the victim’s resistance is also acquired as the legal elements for enforced indecency. Therefore, the offender who assaults the victim by touching the victim’s breasts should not be charged for enforced indecency but sexual harassment. While sexual harassment is a crime that requires complaint, the victim in this case did not file a complaint; therefore, the offender is guilty for nothing. He also indicates that the feminists and social groups who criticize the verdict are suffering amnesia for that they should know the differences between the enforced indecency and sexual harassment. You, Huang and Ceng (2008) later contribute an article to refute Zhang’s argument. They indicate that since the amendment in 1999, sexual assault is now regarded as a crime violating one’s sexual autonomy not social decency. Whether or not any enforced mean to suppress the victim’ resistance is adopted, one conducts a sexual behavior without the other party’s consent is violating the victim’s sexual autonomy. 32

Authors: Wang, Hsiaotan.
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cases
. After the discussion of various fields of society, the Supreme Court has 
made different opinions in the Fifth Tribunals Conference, 2008. It positively 
confirmed “violating the will” as the only constructed element, and does not 
require any methods similar to rape, coercion, drugs, or hypnosis, etc (Supreme 
Court of R.O.C., 2008).
2. The cultural understanding of “sex”, “violence” and “power”
Carol Smart (1989) emphasized in her book, Feminism and the Power of Law, 
that legal 
discourse  rhetoric  
 itself is a set of systems that construct society; it gives 
social meanings and it creates the power of reshaping the society. Because she has 
been influenced by Foucault
, etc. people’s post structuralism theory  
, she has 
further progress compared with other scholars who study legal rhetoric. Her 
analysis of this legal power is not always positive; it may be a kind of “power” 
layout and ruling technology. She pointed out that this set of ruling technology 
“disqualifies and overpowers other forms of knowing”. 
However, “violence” or “power” is the concepts that have been continuously 
discussed in the western culture and academic field. The forming and developing 
of these concepts develop the concept that has meanings regarding reality along 
with the local social cultural progress to present or guide the development of 
reality. However, a complete local discourse about “violence” or “power” has 
always been lacking in 
our  Taiwanese  
 culture. What will be defined as “violence” 
or “power”
 in Taiwan  
First, the definition of Criminal Law “sexuality autonomy”, in short, refers to 
“invading other’s field without one’s consent”, however the problem is, in 
Taiwanese  our  
 culture, we often intentionally or unintentionally invade another’s 
field, and invading itself often means the two people have a close relationship. 
18
 Two newspaper articles demonstrate the debate.  Zhang (2008) defenses the verdict of the 
breast assault case.  He argues that besides violating one’s sexual autonomy, enforced means to 
suppress the victim’s resistance is also acquired as the legal elements for enforced indecency. 
Therefore, the offender who assaults the victim by touching the victim’s breasts should not be 
charged for enforced indecency but sexual harassment.  While sexual harassment is a crime that 
requires complaint, the victim in this case did not file a complaint; therefore, the offender is guilty 
for nothing.  He also indicates that the feminists and social groups who criticize the verdict are 
suffering amnesia for that they should know the differences between the enforced indecency and 
sexual harassment.  You, Huang and Ceng (2008) later contribute an article to refute Zhang’s 
argument.  They indicate that since the amendment in 1999, sexual assault is now regarded as a 
crime violating one’s sexual autonomy not social decency.   Whether or not any enforced mean to 
suppress the victim’ resistance is adopted, one conducts a sexual behavior without the other 
party’s consent is violating the victim’s sexual autonomy.
32


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