Citation

Narcissism and nationalism: The relationship between self-esteem and national identity.

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Abstract:

Few studies have examined the role of personal self-regard in different forms of national attachment. Although Social Identity Theory (SIT: Tajfel, 1981; Tajfel & Turner, 1986) suggests that one of the motives for in-group positivity is the need for positive personal self-regard, research has not explored the ways this motive might function. We argue that two distinguishable forms of collective identity, nationalism and patriotism, might be analogous to different manifestations of self-regard, specifically secure self-esteem and two forms of insecure self-esteem, specifically overt and covert narcissism.
Three studies investigated the relationships between self-esteem, overt and covert narcissism, and nationalistic and patriotic national identity. In all three studies, overt narcissism uniquely predicted nationalism. In Studies 1 and 2, patriotism was unrelated to any of the factors of interest whereas in Study 3, it was related to personal self-esteem. The inclusion of conditions in which either personal or collective self-esteem was affirmed or threatened allowed an examination of the functions that nationalism and patriotism might serve for individuals. In Study 2, nationalism was related to overt narcissism when personal self-esteem was threatened but not when it was affirmed. In Study 3, patriotism was related to personal self-esteem and nationalism to covert narcissism when collective self-esteem was affirmed. Together, the results highlight the functions which patriotic and nationalistic national identity for individuals.

Author's Keywords:

national identity, narcissism, nationalism, patriotism, self-esteem
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Association:
Name: ISPP 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting
URL:
http://ispp.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p306993_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Whelan, Jennifer., Boldero, Jennifer. and Perry, Alexandra. "Narcissism and nationalism: The relationship between self-esteem and national identity." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, Jul 14, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-29 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p306993_index.html>

APA Citation:

Whelan, J. , Boldero, J. M. and Perry, A. , 2009-07-14 "Narcissism and nationalism: The relationship between self-esteem and national identity." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland <Not Available>. 2014-11-29 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p306993_index.html

Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Few studies have examined the role of personal self-regard in different forms of national attachment. Although Social Identity Theory (SIT: Tajfel, 1981; Tajfel & Turner, 1986) suggests that one of the motives for in-group positivity is the need for positive personal self-regard, research has not explored the ways this motive might function. We argue that two distinguishable forms of collective identity, nationalism and patriotism, might be analogous to different manifestations of self-regard, specifically secure self-esteem and two forms of insecure self-esteem, specifically overt and covert narcissism.
Three studies investigated the relationships between self-esteem, overt and covert narcissism, and nationalistic and patriotic national identity. In all three studies, overt narcissism uniquely predicted nationalism. In Studies 1 and 2, patriotism was unrelated to any of the factors of interest whereas in Study 3, it was related to personal self-esteem. The inclusion of conditions in which either personal or collective self-esteem was affirmed or threatened allowed an examination of the functions that nationalism and patriotism might serve for individuals. In Study 2, nationalism was related to overt narcissism when personal self-esteem was threatened but not when it was affirmed. In Study 3, patriotism was related to personal self-esteem and nationalism to covert narcissism when collective self-esteem was affirmed. Together, the results highlight the functions which patriotic and nationalistic national identity for individuals.


Similar Titles:
Exploring the Relationship between Identities, Self-Esteem, and Distress: An Application of Identity Discrepancy Theory

National narcissism, positive national group regard and out-group enmity: How low and high collective self esteem predict intergoup negativity.

Ethnic Identity and Identification with the Majority Group: Relations with National Identity and Self-Esteem


 
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