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"Building a New Dependent Variable in Measuring Welfare Development: Evaluating Welfare States by Gender Perspective"

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Abstract:

To what extent social welfare programs reduce gender inequality? Previous studies on welfare states have focused on independent variables for welfare state development such as industrialization, modernization, class struggle, state capacities and party politics. However, those studies similarly measured welfare state development as a dependent variable by governmental or public expenditures on welfare provision. Such measures of welfare state development cannot show a gender division among individuals in receiving welfare benefits, thus disregards gender variations within the same welfare program. In short, previous studies on welfare development neglect the impact of welfare programs on gender inequality. As an alternative to previous measures of welfare state development, I propose a new way of measuring welfare state development. On the first part of the paper, based on the feminist theories on citizenship, state and women, I demonstrated that a majority of existing studies on welfare states lack a gender perspective in conceptualizing welfare development. On the second part, I showed how gender inequality takes place across seemingly different welfare state regimes. I argue that a measure of welfare state development with a gender dimension is critical to understand how gender regimes and welfare state regimes interact with each other.

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welfar (215), state (153), gender (126), women (72), measur (69), social (58), work (56), program (54), index (50), develop (48), use (38), countri (35), polici (34), right (28), exist (28), expenditur (28), differ (27), base (27), market (24), compar (23), focus (22),
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Name: American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
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Oh, Eun-Sil. ""Building a New Dependent Variable in Measuring Welfare Development: Evaluating Welfare States by Gender Perspective"" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 07, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-29 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p308710_index.html>

APA Citation:

Oh, E. , 2009-08-07 ""Building a New Dependent Variable in Measuring Welfare Development: Evaluating Welfare States by Gender Perspective"" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA Online <PDF>. 2014-11-29 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p308710_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: To what extent social welfare programs reduce gender inequality? Previous studies on welfare states have focused on independent variables for welfare state development such as industrialization, modernization, class struggle, state capacities and party politics. However, those studies similarly measured welfare state development as a dependent variable by governmental or public expenditures on welfare provision. Such measures of welfare state development cannot show a gender division among individuals in receiving welfare benefits, thus disregards gender variations within the same welfare program. In short, previous studies on welfare development neglect the impact of welfare programs on gender inequality. As an alternative to previous measures of welfare state development, I propose a new way of measuring welfare state development. On the first part of the paper, based on the feminist theories on citizenship, state and women, I demonstrated that a majority of existing studies on welfare states lack a gender perspective in conceptualizing welfare development. On the second part, I showed how gender inequality takes place across seemingly different welfare state regimes. I argue that a measure of welfare state development with a gender dimension is critical to understand how gender regimes and welfare state regimes interact with each other.


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