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Antecedents of Outgroup Derogation in a Cross-Ethnic and Cross-National Comparison: The Example of Israel and Germany

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Abstract:

Numerous studies have outlined a variety of psychological constructs as being predictive for derogating attitudes towards out-groups. Social identity, contact, values, well-being, but also constructs such as the need for cognitive closure may serve as examples. However, although numerous research findings have been presented, they have many times been contradictive. This study attempts to obtain further insights in these relationships by examining group-specific differences, an issue that has been rather underexamined (e.g. Duckitt, Callaghan and Wagner, 2005). Questionnaire-based data of six subgroups with different societal status (native vs. migrant) in two different countries (Israel, Germany) were collected. Participants were children (age 10/11), adolescents (age 15/16) as well as their parents, a design that enabled us to focus also on age specific differences. The questionnaire consisted of measures regarding attitudes towards several national/ethnic groups living in the corresponding countries as well as a variety of measures that were found to relate to out-group derogation in previous research (social identity, values, contact, well-being, need for cognitive closure). Using correlational, regressional as well as structural equation methods, data were analysed focusing on cross-group differences in the predictive power of these variables. It was tested, whether the same structural relationships between the analysed latent constructs can be applied and confirmed in all examined groups in one study. In addition, transmission of out-group hostility from parents to their children was examined, again, focusing on cross-group differences. Whilst similar results across groups could be found, yet results also indicate a number of interesting group-specific differences.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

outgroup (197), group (180), contact (149), ingroup (124), relat (122), develop (117), derog (116), immigr (107), isra (100), differ (93), cultur (86), identif (83), age (82), attitud (82), adolesc (80), arab (74), ident (73), intergroup (72), fsu (69), sampl (67), meet (66),

Author's Keywords:

intergroup relations, outgroup-derogation, cross-cultural comparison, Germany, Israel, migrants, attitudes, predjudice, adolescents, children
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Name: ISPP 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting
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http://ispp.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p310207_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Schiefer, David. "Antecedents of Outgroup Derogation in a Cross-Ethnic and Cross-National Comparison: The Example of Israel and Germany" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, Jul 14, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-29 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p310207_index.html>

APA Citation:

Schiefer, D. , 2009-07-14 "Antecedents of Outgroup Derogation in a Cross-Ethnic and Cross-National Comparison: The Example of Israel and Germany" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland Online <PDF>. 2014-11-29 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p310207_index.html

Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Numerous studies have outlined a variety of psychological constructs as being predictive for derogating attitudes towards out-groups. Social identity, contact, values, well-being, but also constructs such as the need for cognitive closure may serve as examples. However, although numerous research findings have been presented, they have many times been contradictive. This study attempts to obtain further insights in these relationships by examining group-specific differences, an issue that has been rather underexamined (e.g. Duckitt, Callaghan and Wagner, 2005). Questionnaire-based data of six subgroups with different societal status (native vs. migrant) in two different countries (Israel, Germany) were collected. Participants were children (age 10/11), adolescents (age 15/16) as well as their parents, a design that enabled us to focus also on age specific differences. The questionnaire consisted of measures regarding attitudes towards several national/ethnic groups living in the corresponding countries as well as a variety of measures that were found to relate to out-group derogation in previous research (social identity, values, contact, well-being, need for cognitive closure). Using correlational, regressional as well as structural equation methods, data were analysed focusing on cross-group differences in the predictive power of these variables. It was tested, whether the same structural relationships between the analysed latent constructs can be applied and confirmed in all examined groups in one study. In addition, transmission of out-group hostility from parents to their children was examined, again, focusing on cross-group differences. Whilst similar results across groups could be found, yet results also indicate a number of interesting group-specific differences.


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