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The Role of the Saudi Propagation of Wahhabism within the US Cold War Policy of Containment: A Pursuit of Realism or a Misperception?

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Abstract:

The post 9/11 debate has presented Saudi Arabia and its religious-political identity and strategy of proselytizing as key explanatory factors, both of homegrown extremism and of Sunni extremism. Few scholarly works have specifically focused on U.S. decision-making within the Cold War Policy of containment and Washington’s instrumentalization of Saudi propagation of Wahhabism within that framework. Due to the stigmatization of Arabs and Muslims within the War on Terror paradigm, and the emphasis on the role of Riyadh and Islamabad in the development of Sunni extremism, this paper makes a case for a more evenhanded research approach with regards to the genesis of Sunni extremism. This supposes a closer examination of U.S. decision-making, and of the perceptions and the images informing the decision-making process. This paper acknowledges that political Islam has undergone changes and influences that cannot be accounted for by Western influence. It argues however that the U.S.-Saudi-Pakistani partnership, which financed radical Sunni Islamist movements during the War in Afghanistan in an attempt to “roll-back” Soviet troops, have contributed to the development of “Sunni inspired extremism” This paper argues that the U.S. and its Saudi and Pakistani partners should therefore be seen as “enablers” of these movements.

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saudi (117), islam (64), u.s (48), muslim (45), arabia (43), polit (40), war (37), oil (34), religi (33), radic (32), arab (31), 2003 (30), sunni (27), al (27), world (26), afghanistan (26), 2009 (24), obama (23), polici (23), nation (20), intern (20),
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Name: ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE"
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http://www.isanet.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p311382_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Viden, Anna. "The Role of the Saudi Propagation of Wahhabism within the US Cold War Policy of Containment: A Pursuit of Realism or a Misperception?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE", New York Marriott Marquis, NEW YORK CITY, NY, USA, Feb 15, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-30 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p311382_index.html>

APA Citation:

Viden, A. K. , 2009-02-15 "The Role of the Saudi Propagation of Wahhabism within the US Cold War Policy of Containment: A Pursuit of Realism or a Misperception?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE", New York Marriott Marquis, NEW YORK CITY, NY, USA Online <PDF>. 2014-11-30 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p311382_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The post 9/11 debate has presented Saudi Arabia and its religious-political identity and strategy of proselytizing as key explanatory factors, both of homegrown extremism and of Sunni extremism. Few scholarly works have specifically focused on U.S. decision-making within the Cold War Policy of containment and Washington’s instrumentalization of Saudi propagation of Wahhabism within that framework. Due to the stigmatization of Arabs and Muslims within the War on Terror paradigm, and the emphasis on the role of Riyadh and Islamabad in the development of Sunni extremism, this paper makes a case for a more evenhanded research approach with regards to the genesis of Sunni extremism. This supposes a closer examination of U.S. decision-making, and of the perceptions and the images informing the decision-making process. This paper acknowledges that political Islam has undergone changes and influences that cannot be accounted for by Western influence. It argues however that the U.S.-Saudi-Pakistani partnership, which financed radical Sunni Islamist movements during the War in Afghanistan in an attempt to “roll-back” Soviet troops, have contributed to the development of “Sunni inspired extremism” This paper argues that the U.S. and its Saudi and Pakistani partners should therefore be seen as “enablers” of these movements.


Similar Titles:
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