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Measuring the Effectiveness of the DWI Court Model: Impact Evaluation of Two NY State DWI Courts

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Abstract:

Alcohol-related fatalities account for 40% of all motor vehicle fatalities in the U.S. Not only are alcohol-impaired drivers especially likely to be involved in fatal accidents, but NHTSA estimates that approximately one-third of all drivers arrested or convicted of alcohol-related offenses are repeat offenders. DWI courts have emerged as a promising criminal justice system response to the problem posed by repeat DWI offenders. These courts, based on the proven drug court model, seek to couple traditional court responses to DWI with mandated treatment and judicial oversight in hopes of improving the courtÂ’s ability to curtail DWI recidivism. Despite strong evidence of the effectiveness of the drug court model, there is little conclusive evidence establishing the efficacy of DWI courts in curbing DWI recidivism. Early evaluation results are suggestive, but suffer from a lack of methodological rigor. The current study, therefore, provides a significant contribution to the DWI court literature by examining the impact of two New York State DWI courts on re-arrest, case processing, and sentencing outcomes among persistent DWI offenders. The study employs a quasi-experimental design to compare participants in the Buffalo and Niagara DWI courts to a matched comparison group of defendants who were processed in traditional courts.

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court (14), dwi (12), new (3), york (3), fatal (3), alcohol (3), model (3), offend (3), evalu (2), evid (2), effect (2), studi (2), drug (2), arrest (2), tradit (2), driver (2), state (2), two (2), process (2), relat (2), alcohol-rel (2),
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Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


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MLA Citation:

Cissner, Amanda. "Measuring the Effectiveness of the DWI Court Model: Impact Evaluation of Two NY State DWI Courts" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 04, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p370652_index.html>

APA Citation:

Cissner, A. B. , 2009-11-04 "Measuring the Effectiveness of the DWI Court Model: Impact Evaluation of Two NY State DWI Courts" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA Online <PDF>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p370652_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Alcohol-related fatalities account for 40% of all motor vehicle fatalities in the U.S. Not only are alcohol-impaired drivers especially likely to be involved in fatal accidents, but NHTSA estimates that approximately one-third of all drivers arrested or convicted of alcohol-related offenses are repeat offenders. DWI courts have emerged as a promising criminal justice system response to the problem posed by repeat DWI offenders. These courts, based on the proven drug court model, seek to couple traditional court responses to DWI with mandated treatment and judicial oversight in hopes of improving the courtÂ’s ability to curtail DWI recidivism. Despite strong evidence of the effectiveness of the drug court model, there is little conclusive evidence establishing the efficacy of DWI courts in curbing DWI recidivism. Early evaluation results are suggestive, but suffer from a lack of methodological rigor. The current study, therefore, provides a significant contribution to the DWI court literature by examining the impact of two New York State DWI courts on re-arrest, case processing, and sentencing outcomes among persistent DWI offenders. The study employs a quasi-experimental design to compare participants in the Buffalo and Niagara DWI courts to a matched comparison group of defendants who were processed in traditional courts.


Similar Titles:
Managing Drug-Involved Offenders: An Evaluation of the Efficacy of Drug Court and Traditional Probation

Factors Predicting DWI Offenders Recidivism: Evidence from the Harris County (Texas) DWI Court Outcome Evaluation

Making Effective Use of State and Local Data Sources: Drug Court Evaluations in Michigan

Evaluating the Effects of Juvenile Competency to Stand Trial--Decisions across Two Different States: How Does Law Advance Case Processing Options in Juvenile Court?


 
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