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Measuring Victimhood: Developing a Victim Self-Ascription Scale
Unformatted Document Text:  DRAFT – For permission to cite contact Andy Davies on ## email not listed ## revealed that subjects may use the word victim to connote blameless suffering, and so are likely to use it when victimization events meet the criteria specified here. Interactions The three elements of the structure of victimizing events specified above are expected to interact in the production of victimhood. As authors including Loseke (1999), Bayley (1991), Montada (1994), Leisenring (2006) and Davies (1998) have all suggested, the experience of victimization can only be said to occur when all three elements are present. Thus, in statistical models we would expect a three- way interaction among perceptions of harm, external attribution and injustice to predict anger, secondary rights and victim self-ascription above the impact of each variable in isolation. Method A two-phase study of victimization experiences was conducted. The first phase, conducted in December of 2008, involved a series of focus groups designed to gather qualitative data on victimization experiences. The second phase, conducted in April of 2009, involved the administration of surveys to a sample of undergraduate students in order to gather quantitative data to explore the hypotheses specified in this paper. The analysis presented here refers only to the results of the second phase of this study. However, in the course of the discussion at the conclusion of this paper, material gathered in the course of the first phase is consulted to assist with the interpretation of the quantitative findings. A two-part survey instrument was developed. First, the 'personality' section instructed participants to complete Dalbert's 2001 measure of personal belief in a just world. This was collected for certain Page 10

Authors: Davies, Andrew.
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DRAFT – For permission to cite contact Andy Davies on ## email not listed ##
revealed that subjects may use the word victim to connote blameless suffering, and so are likely to use 
it when victimization events meet the criteria specified here.
Interactions
The three elements of the structure of victimizing events specified above are expected to interact in the 
production of victimhood.  As authors including Loseke (1999), Bayley (1991), Montada (1994), 
Leisenring (2006) and Davies (1998) have all suggested, the experience of victimization can only be 
said to occur when all three elements are present.  Thus, in statistical models we would expect a three-
way interaction among perceptions of harm, external attribution and injustice to predict anger, 
secondary rights and victim self-ascription above the impact of each variable in isolation.
Method
A two-phase study of victimization experiences was conducted.  The first phase, conducted in 
December of 2008, involved a series of focus groups designed to gather qualitative data on 
victimization experiences.  The second phase, conducted in April of 2009, involved the administration 
of surveys to a sample of undergraduate students in order to gather quantitative data to explore the 
hypotheses specified in this paper.  The analysis presented here refers only to the results of the second 
phase of this study.  However, in the course of the discussion at the conclusion of this paper, material 
gathered in the course of the first phase is consulted to assist with the interpretation of the quantitative 
findings.
A two-part survey instrument was developed.  First, the 'personality' section instructed participants to 
complete Dalbert's 2001 measure of personal belief in a just world.  This was collected for certain 
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