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Measuring Victimhood: Developing a Victim Self-Ascription Scale
Unformatted Document Text:  DRAFT – For permission to cite contact Andy Davies on ## email not listed ## If such priming effects exist, therefore, two effects should be observable. First, individuals who filled out the Dalbert measure first should score lower on the measures of perceived victimization. Second, scores on the Dalbert measure itself should predict lower levels of perceived victimization where the measure was administered first. Correlations between the survey ordering dummy variable, and an interaction term between the survey order and scores on the Dalbert scale, suggest that both of these effects may be present in the data (see Table 4). - Insert Table 4 about here - Thus, where the measure of just world beliefs was administered first, perceptions of harm, external attribution and injustice were all reduced among subjects (when measured as simple zero-order correlations). In all regression analyses, these two terms were therefore controlled to remove the effects of survey ordering. Third, the data were examined for evidence of the possibility of selection bias. Although this is a study of ‘perceived’ victimization, participants were nevertheless screened for experiences of ‘actual’ victimizations. This is not in itself a problem, since the point of the study is to examine variation in the intensity of reactions to such events. It does present another potential flaw in the research design, however. If the purpose of the study is to examine differences in the perception of unpleasant events, but one begins by asking individuals whether they have experienced such an event, it is possible that the very perceptual differences one hopes to examine could lead to some individuals forgetting or failing to report real experiences. If this occurs, the effect of the screener will be to select individuals Page 17

Authors: Davies, Andrew.
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DRAFT – For permission to cite contact Andy Davies on ## email not listed ##
If such priming effects exist, therefore, two effects should be observable.  First, individuals who filled 
out the Dalbert measure first should score lower on the measures of perceived victimization.  Second, 
scores on the Dalbert measure itself should predict lower levels of perceived victimization where the 
measure was administered first.  Correlations between the survey ordering dummy variable, and an 
interaction term between the survey order and scores on the Dalbert scale, suggest that both of these 
effects may be present in the data (see Table 4).
 - Insert Table 4 about here - 
Thus, where the measure of just world beliefs was administered first, perceptions of harm, external 
attribution and injustice were all reduced among subjects (when measured as simple zero-order 
correlations).  In all regression analyses, these two terms were therefore controlled to remove the 
effects of survey ordering.
Third, the data were examined for evidence of the possibility of selection bias.  Although this is a study 
of ‘perceived’ victimization, participants were nevertheless screened for experiences of ‘actual’ 
victimizations.  This is not in itself a problem, since the point of the study is to examine variation in the 
intensity of reactions to such events.  It does present another potential flaw in the research design, 
however.  If the purpose of the study is to examine differences in the perception of unpleasant events, 
but one begins by asking individuals whether they have experienced such an event, it is possible that 
the very perceptual differences one hopes to examine could lead to some individuals forgetting or 
failing to report real experiences.  If this occurs, the effect of the screener will be to select individuals 
Page 17


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