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Measuring Victimhood: Developing a Victim Self-Ascription Scale
Unformatted Document Text:  DRAFT – For permission to cite contact Andy Davies on ## email not listed ## Perceived injustice was also a significant predictor of feelings of anger, the self-ascription of secondary rights and victim self-ascription. Compared to the level of perceived harm, injustice was less important than harm in predicting responses of anger, approximately equal in predicting the self-ascription of secondary rights, and the most important variable in the model predicting victim self-ascription. Regarding the interaction terms, the three-way interaction did not predict in the way that existing theoretical accounts suggested it would. The combination of high levels of perceived harm in conjunction with external attribution and injustice did not prove to be the alchemical formula to understanding victimization outcomes that was hoped. Moreover, although other two-way interaction terms provided some additional findings of empirical significance, the addition of the interaction terms did little to change the overall fit of the models. In only one case, the model predicting self-ascription of secondary rights, did the increase in the R 2 (from 0.384 to 0.451) represent a significant improvement in the model, F(4,99) = 3.02, p<0.025. Due to the relatively small impact of the interaction terms, and the fact that no hypotheses were made regarding the two-way terms, the remainder of the discussion focuses on the main effects in the models. The results of the regression analyses show that the perceptual variables of interest in this study are highly relevant to the effects of victimization experiences, though not in ways consistent with the hypotheses made earlier. Three findings are of particular note. First, the perception that the victimization was caused by an agent external to the victim was unrelated to any of the outcomes of interest. Second, the three-way interaction between perceptions of harm, external attribution and injustice did not predict any of the outcomes either. And third, the relative importance of perceptions Page 20

Authors: Davies, Andrew.
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DRAFT – For permission to cite contact Andy Davies on ## email not listed ##
Perceived injustice was also a significant predictor of feelings of anger, the self-ascription of secondary 
rights and victim self-ascription.  Compared to the level of perceived harm, injustice was less important 
than harm in predicting responses of anger, approximately equal in predicting the self-ascription of 
secondary rights, and the most important variable in the model predicting victim self-ascription.
Regarding the interaction terms, the three-way interaction did not predict in the way that existing 
theoretical accounts suggested it would.  The combination of high levels of perceived harm in 
conjunction with external attribution and injustice did not prove to be the alchemical formula to 
understanding victimization outcomes that was hoped.  Moreover, although other two-way interaction 
terms provided some additional findings of empirical significance, the addition of the interaction terms 
did little to change the overall fit of the models.  In only one case, the model predicting self-ascription 
of secondary rights, did the increase in the R
2
 (from 0.384 to 0.451) represent a significant 
improvement in the model, F(4,99) = 3.02, p<0.025.  Due to the relatively small impact of the 
interaction terms, and the fact that no hypotheses were made regarding the two-way terms, the 
remainder of the discussion focuses on the main effects in the models.
The results of the regression analyses show that the perceptual variables of interest in this study are 
highly relevant to the effects of victimization experiences, though not in ways consistent with the 
hypotheses made earlier.  Three findings are of particular note.  First, the perception that the 
victimization was caused by an agent external to the victim was unrelated to any of the outcomes of 
interest.  Second, the three-way interaction between perceptions of harm, external attribution and 
injustice did not predict any of the outcomes either.  And third, the relative importance of perceptions 
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