All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Broken Gate? A Study of the PLRA Exhaustion Requirement Past, Present, and Future
Unformatted Document Text:  Broken Gate? (Smith, 1988). In the magistrate judge as “specialist” model, magistrate judges are utilized exclusively to address and resolve prisoner (and/or other specialized types) of litigation (Smith, 1988). In the magistrate judge as “additional judge” model, magistrate judges act, essentially, as additional district judges, presiding over civil actions from beginning to end (Smith, 1988). Finally, in the magistrate judge as “team player” model, magistrate judges are called upon to preside of the preliminary matters in a case, before passing the action on to a district judge for trial and/or final resolution (Smith, 1988). It is the last of these models – the magistrate judge as “team player” – that is most frequently utilized, and the model which, by definition, most lends itself to the pre- screening of prisoner claims ala the process used in the IFP statute described above (Smith, 1988). Since magistrate judges are already permitted to rule upon preliminary evidentiary matters, and are frequently the first, if not the only, judges to review inmate civil rights cases, they are likely the best suited for subjective inquiry into the nature of an inmate’s attempt to exhaust administrative remedies. The Proverbial Tip of the Iceberg? The loophole in the PLRA’s exhaustion requirement illustrated by the irreconcilability of the substantial compliance cases with the proper exhaustion cases may only scratch the surface of the persisting problems with application of the Act. Still looming on the horizon, and caused, by in large, by the Supreme Court’s opinion in Woodford, is the question of whether the PLRA’s exhaustion requirement applies to claims brought by former-inmates. Although, at first blush, it would appear an easily answered question, this matter is further complicated by the proper exhaustion line of 25

Authors: Passarelli, Mariah.
first   previous   Page 25 of 31   next   last



background image
Broken Gate?
(Smith, 1988).  In the magistrate judge as “specialist” model, magistrate judges are 
utilized exclusively to address and resolve prisoner (and/or other specialized types) of 
litigation (Smith, 1988).  In the magistrate judge as “additional judge” model, magistrate 
judges act, essentially, as additional district judges, presiding over civil actions from 
beginning to end (Smith, 1988).  Finally, in the magistrate judge as “team player” model, 
magistrate judges are called upon to preside of the preliminary matters in a case, before 
passing the action on to a district judge for trial and/or final resolution (Smith, 1988).  
It is the last of these models – the magistrate judge as “team player” – that is most 
frequently utilized, and the model which, by definition, most lends itself to the pre-
screening of prisoner claims ala the process used in the IFP statute described above 
(Smith, 1988).  Since magistrate judges are already permitted to rule upon preliminary 
evidentiary matters, and are frequently the first, if not the only, judges to review inmate 
civil rights cases, they are likely the best suited for subjective inquiry into the nature of 
an inmate’s attempt to exhaust administrative remedies.
The Proverbial Tip of the Iceberg?
The loophole in the PLRA’s exhaustion requirement illustrated by the 
irreconcilability of the substantial compliance cases with the proper exhaustion cases may 
only scratch the surface of the persisting problems with application of the Act.  Still 
looming on the horizon, and caused, by in large, by the Supreme Court’s opinion in 
Woodford, is the question of whether the PLRA’s exhaustion requirement applies to 
claims brought by former-inmates.  Although, at first blush, it would appear an easily 
answered question, this matter is further complicated by the proper exhaustion line of 
25


Convention
Submission, Review, and Scheduling! All Academic Convention can help with all of your abstract management needs and many more. Contact us today for a quote!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 25 of 31   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.