Citation

Issues With Practitioner Use of Crime Hot Spot Mapping Techniques

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Abstract:

Mapping technology is commonly used to identify crime hot spots. An appeal of hot spot mapping is the potential for practical use by police agencies. Yet, although GIS software is widely available and easy to use, it requires users to choose between various hot spot methods and parameters. Given these choices, scholars have begun to conduct research that compares different approaches, with the goal of informing police practice. This study contributes to this body of research. We conducted hot spot analyses of Chicago violent crime locations for randomly selected one month periods from 2003 to 2007, using three common techniques: (1) spatial ellipses, (2) choropleth mapping, and (3) kernel density estimation. During this time period, the Chicago Police Department relied on intelligence-led hot spots policing to guide an agency-wide violence reduction strategy. We compared statistically-derived hot spots to practitioner-identified hot spots. We describe the implications of our results for police practice.
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Association:
Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p371883_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Lavery, Timothy. and Schuck, Amie. "Issues With Practitioner Use of Crime Hot Spot Mapping Techniques" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 04, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p371883_index.html>

APA Citation:

Lavery, T. A. and Schuck, A. M. , 2009-11-04 "Issues With Practitioner Use of Crime Hot Spot Mapping Techniques" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p371883_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Mapping technology is commonly used to identify crime hot spots. An appeal of hot spot mapping is the potential for practical use by police agencies. Yet, although GIS software is widely available and easy to use, it requires users to choose between various hot spot methods and parameters. Given these choices, scholars have begun to conduct research that compares different approaches, with the goal of informing police practice. This study contributes to this body of research. We conducted hot spot analyses of Chicago violent crime locations for randomly selected one month periods from 2003 to 2007, using three common techniques: (1) spatial ellipses, (2) choropleth mapping, and (3) kernel density estimation. During this time period, the Chicago Police Department relied on intelligence-led hot spots policing to guide an agency-wide violence reduction strategy. We compared statistically-derived hot spots to practitioner-identified hot spots. We describe the implications of our results for police practice.


Similar Titles:
Does Crime Just Move Around the Corner?: A Controlled Study of Spatial Displacement and Diffusion of Crime Control Benefits in Two Crime Hot Spots

Short Term Crime Impact of Implementing Problem Solving versus Directed Patrol in Residential Crime Hot Spots

Calling a Crime a Crime: Techniques of Neutralization Among a Sample of Texas Inmates

How Unsafe are Crime Hot Spots? An Examination of the Risk of Victimization on High Crime Street Blocks in Seattle, Washington


 
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