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Cognitive Skills, Adolescent Violence, and the Moderating Role of Neighborhood Disadvantage

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Abstract:

Numerous studies uncover a link between cognitive skills and adolescent violence. Overlooked is whether the relationship changes at varying levels of neighborhood disadvantage. We examine the issue by contrasting two models that place individual difference in cognitive skill within a social-structural framework. Using five waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and a three-level hierarchical model, results indicate that cognitive skill is inversely associated with violence and that the relationship is strongest in non-disadvantaged neighborhoods. However, the cognitive skills-violence relationship is indistinguishable from zero in the most disadvantaged neighborhoods. The findings are therefore consistent with the hypothesis that social expression of developed ability is muted in disadvantaged contexts.
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Association:
Name: ASC Annual Meeting
URL:
http://www.asc41.com


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372114_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Bellair, Paul. and McNulty, Thomas. "Cognitive Skills, Adolescent Violence, and the Moderating Role of Neighborhood Disadvantage" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372114_index.html>

APA Citation:

Bellair, P. E. and McNulty, T. L. "Cognitive Skills, Adolescent Violence, and the Moderating Role of Neighborhood Disadvantage" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372114_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Numerous studies uncover a link between cognitive skills and adolescent violence. Overlooked is whether the relationship changes at varying levels of neighborhood disadvantage. We examine the issue by contrasting two models that place individual difference in cognitive skill within a social-structural framework. Using five waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and a three-level hierarchical model, results indicate that cognitive skill is inversely associated with violence and that the relationship is strongest in non-disadvantaged neighborhoods. However, the cognitive skills-violence relationship is indistinguishable from zero in the most disadvantaged neighborhoods. The findings are therefore consistent with the hypothesis that social expression of developed ability is muted in disadvantaged contexts.


Similar Titles:
Neighborhood Disadvantage and the Conditional Effect of ASVAB Test Scores on Adolescent Violence

Interpersonal Cognitive Problem Solving Skills, Future Selves and Hope: Their Role Anti-Social Behaviour in Early Adolescence

Neighborhood Contextual Effects and Adolescent Substance Use: Exploring the Moderating Role of Neighborhoods


 
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