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Incarceration as a “Rite of Passage”: Is Normalization Related to Formerly Incarcerated Persons’ Attitudes?

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Abstract:

The reality of reentry is that many prisoners return to the most socially disadvantaged urban neighborhoods. This phenomenon has been referred to as the “geographic concentration” of returning prisoners, and researchers argue that serving time in prison is becoming a normal experience in many urban communities. To examine the implications of this issue, a sample of approximately 230 formerly incarcerated persons participating in prisoner reentry programming in New York State completed a questionnaire. This paper discusses the development of a scale to measure the normalization of the prison experience where higher scores indicate that serving time in prison is seen as a likely occurrence and is not considered shameful in the neighborhood where the respondent grew up. The relationship between the normalization scale and measures for demographics, criminal history, social bonds, perceptions of stigma and discrimination, criminal attitudes, coping strategies, psychological well-being, and the forecast of rearrest will be examined using correlation analysis and OLS regression analysis. Implications of the findings for prisoner reintegration policy and practice will be discussed.
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Association:
Name: ASC Annual Meeting
URL:
http://www.asc41.com


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372130_index.html
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MLA Citation:

LeBel, Thomas. "Incarceration as a “Rite of Passage”: Is Normalization Related to Formerly Incarcerated Persons’ Attitudes?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 04, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372130_index.html>

APA Citation:

LeBel, T. , 2009-11-04 "Incarceration as a “Rite of Passage”: Is Normalization Related to Formerly Incarcerated Persons’ Attitudes?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372130_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The reality of reentry is that many prisoners return to the most socially disadvantaged urban neighborhoods. This phenomenon has been referred to as the “geographic concentration” of returning prisoners, and researchers argue that serving time in prison is becoming a normal experience in many urban communities. To examine the implications of this issue, a sample of approximately 230 formerly incarcerated persons participating in prisoner reentry programming in New York State completed a questionnaire. This paper discusses the development of a scale to measure the normalization of the prison experience where higher scores indicate that serving time in prison is seen as a likely occurrence and is not considered shameful in the neighborhood where the respondent grew up. The relationship between the normalization scale and measures for demographics, criminal history, social bonds, perceptions of stigma and discrimination, criminal attitudes, coping strategies, psychological well-being, and the forecast of rearrest will be examined using correlation analysis and OLS regression analysis. Implications of the findings for prisoner reintegration policy and practice will be discussed.


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