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Mandating Treatment: The Impact of Mandatory Community-Based Drug Treatment in Kansas

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Abstract:

In 2003, Kansas enacted SB 123, creating mandatory community-based substance abuse treatment for all individuals convicted of a first and second offense of simple drug possession. This paper examines the effectiveness of Kansas’ mandatory treatment policy on the incidence and timing of criminal recidivism by comparing the likelihood of reconviction and revocation across matched groups of drug possessors sentenced to SB 123, regular probation, court supervision, or prison. Assessments using unmatched samples of offenders showed mixed results, with SB 123 decreasing reconviction rates relative to all other community-based sentences and decreasing revocation rates relative to standard probation; however, SB 123 increased revocation rates relative to court supervision and had no impact relative to prison. Results from estimations using matched samples indicated that SB 123 had no impact on recidivism rates relative to standard probation and increased recidivism rates relative to court supervision. Despite these findings, the relative success of SB 123 may not be due to an inherent problem with mandatory treatment; rather, it stems from net-widening often encountered with mandatory sentencing policies. Thus, the effectiveness of mandatory treatment, like other treatment schemes, depends on the proper definition and sentencing of targeted offenders.
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Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372176_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Stemen, Don. and Rengifo, Andres. "Mandating Treatment: The Impact of Mandatory Community-Based Drug Treatment in Kansas" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372176_index.html>

APA Citation:

Stemen, D. and Rengifo, A. F. "Mandating Treatment: The Impact of Mandatory Community-Based Drug Treatment in Kansas" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372176_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In 2003, Kansas enacted SB 123, creating mandatory community-based substance abuse treatment for all individuals convicted of a first and second offense of simple drug possession. This paper examines the effectiveness of Kansas’ mandatory treatment policy on the incidence and timing of criminal recidivism by comparing the likelihood of reconviction and revocation across matched groups of drug possessors sentenced to SB 123, regular probation, court supervision, or prison. Assessments using unmatched samples of offenders showed mixed results, with SB 123 decreasing reconviction rates relative to all other community-based sentences and decreasing revocation rates relative to standard probation; however, SB 123 increased revocation rates relative to court supervision and had no impact relative to prison. Results from estimations using matched samples indicated that SB 123 had no impact on recidivism rates relative to standard probation and increased recidivism rates relative to court supervision. Despite these findings, the relative success of SB 123 may not be due to an inherent problem with mandatory treatment; rather, it stems from net-widening often encountered with mandatory sentencing policies. Thus, the effectiveness of mandatory treatment, like other treatment schemes, depends on the proper definition and sentencing of targeted offenders.


Similar Titles:
Risk Factors that Predict Retention in Community Aftercare Following Correctional-Based Therapeutic Community Drug Treatment

Therapeutic Engagement in a Prison-Based Drug Treatment Therapeutic Community: The Effects of Inmate Characteristics

Mandating Treatment: A Implementation Evaluation of Kansas' Mandatory Community-Based Drug Treatment Program

Community-Based Treatment of Criminal Offenders with Co-Occurring Mental Illness and Substance Abuse: A Preliminary Impact Study

The Impacts of Innovative Family and Community Practices in a Juvenile Drug Treatment Court in Oregon


 
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