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Investigating the Relationship between Micro and Macro Levels of Efficacy and Their Effects on Crime

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Abstract:

Self-efficacy is individual power over an outcome (Bandura, 1986), while collective efficacy is the similar power of a community or group (Bandura, 1986; Sampson, Raudenbush, and Earls, 1997). Scholars have used these two levels of efficacy independently to explain behavior, including involvement in crime. Less frequently have both constructs been studied in concert to explain individual-level crime. Examining the relationship between micro and macro levels of efficacy is important because an individual’s actions, including involvement in crime, cannot solely be explained by individual or environmental factors. Both need to be considered because individuals are nested in contexts such as neighborhoods and behaviors and choices are influenced by micro and macro level variables. Further, while self- and collective efficacy may influence involvement in crime by youths, collective efficacy may also influence their development of self-efficacy. Using data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN), this study investigates the influence of neighborhood collective efficacy on a general measure of self-efficacy among youths ages 9 to 19. The influence of both levels of efficacy on self-reported offending is also explored.
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Association:
Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372203_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Ahlin, Eileen. "Investigating the Relationship between Micro and Macro Levels of Efficacy and Their Effects on Crime" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 04, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372203_index.html>

APA Citation:

Ahlin, E. , 2009-11-04 "Investigating the Relationship between Micro and Macro Levels of Efficacy and Their Effects on Crime" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372203_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Self-efficacy is individual power over an outcome (Bandura, 1986), while collective efficacy is the similar power of a community or group (Bandura, 1986; Sampson, Raudenbush, and Earls, 1997). Scholars have used these two levels of efficacy independently to explain behavior, including involvement in crime. Less frequently have both constructs been studied in concert to explain individual-level crime. Examining the relationship between micro and macro levels of efficacy is important because an individual’s actions, including involvement in crime, cannot solely be explained by individual or environmental factors. Both need to be considered because individuals are nested in contexts such as neighborhoods and behaviors and choices are influenced by micro and macro level variables. Further, while self- and collective efficacy may influence involvement in crime by youths, collective efficacy may also influence their development of self-efficacy. Using data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN), this study investigates the influence of neighborhood collective efficacy on a general measure of self-efficacy among youths ages 9 to 19. The influence of both levels of efficacy on self-reported offending is also explored.


Similar Titles:
A Macro-Level Investigation of the Carriage-Crime Relationship

County-Level Imprisonment Patterns and Their Macro-Level Crime-Control Effects

County-Level Probation Patterns and Their Macro-Level Crime-Control Effects

Effects of Macro and Micro-level factors on the Relationship between Race and Delinquency/Crime across the Life Course


 
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