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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  prostitution as an immoral act, rather than an attempt to prevent human trafficking. Doezema (1999) posits that while ostensibly the goal of the early anti- white slavery movement was protection of women, ultimately the movement was an attempt to control loose women (p. 23). Attempts to prevent human trafficking through the criminalization of prostitution are important to the human trafficking literature that has developed because the core of the current literature focuses heavily on sexual exploitation and the sex trade. Rather than separating the forced prostitution and sexual exploitation literature from human trafficking, much of the literature muddles the two together. Although forced prostitution and sexual slavery can be the end result for women and children who are trafficked, the assumption that every trafficked individual is a victim of sexual slavery makes prostitution the problem instead of the actual trafficking event. Ultimately, an individual can be a prostitute without being trafficked; therefore, too strong a focus on the combination of trafficking and prostitution can be problematic because sexual exploitation is only a small component of the bigger picture. Paradoxically, the criminalization of activities involved with the sex trade has done little to suppress human trafficking. Whether or not human traffickers supply the global sex industry with trafficked individuals is not certain. Further research is required in order to determine the full extent of the trafficking act and such research should explore the extent to which individuals are trafficked and exploited. In the century that has followed the first international attempts at preventing human trafficking, no single or combined effort has resulted in a 3

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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prostitution as an immoral act, rather than an attempt to prevent human 
trafficking.  Doezema (1999) posits that while ostensibly the goal of the early anti-
white slavery movement was protection of women, ultimately the movement was 
an attempt to control loose women (p. 23).  
Attempts to prevent human trafficking through the criminalization of 
prostitution are important to the human trafficking literature that has developed 
because the core of the current literature focuses heavily on sexual exploitation 
and the sex trade.  Rather than separating the forced prostitution and sexual 
exploitation literature from human trafficking, much of the literature muddles the 
two together. Although forced prostitution and sexual slavery can be the end 
result for women and children who are trafficked, the assumption that every 
trafficked individual is a victim of sexual slavery makes prostitution the problem 
instead of the actual trafficking event.  Ultimately, an individual can be a 
prostitute without being trafficked; therefore, too strong a focus on the 
combination of trafficking and prostitution can be problematic because sexual 
exploitation is only a small component of the bigger picture.  Paradoxically, the 
criminalization of activities involved with the sex trade has done little to suppress 
human trafficking.  Whether or not human traffickers supply the global sex 
industry with trafficked individuals is not certain. Further research is required in 
order to determine the full extent of the trafficking act and such research should 
explore the extent to which individuals are trafficked and exploited. 
In the century that has followed the first international attempts at 
preventing human trafficking, no single or combined effort has resulted in a 

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