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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  resolution to the problem of human trafficking. Some of the issues addressed by the current study that continue to undermine attempts to prevent, punish, and reduce the harm associated with all individuals affected by human trafficking include the following: • A lack of global consensus for one single definition of human trafficking • Inability to gather data and compile accurate statistical representations of trafficking • A lack of global consensus regarding the decriminalization of prostitution • Issues regarding socioeconomic problems and equal rights for women and children in countries that dominate the supply of women and children for the global sex trade • A lack of consensus for a homeland security versus human security approach to human trafficking (a rule of law approach to human trafficking, as enacted by countries like the United States, versus a human security issue where trafficking is viewed as a crime against an individual and not the state). • A lack of consensus regarding the levels to which criminal organizations participate in human trafficking Definitional Consensus Although there is a level of agreement regarding definitional issues of trafficking, not all countries have ratified the United Nations Trafficking in Persons Protocol (ASIL, 2007; UNODC, 2006) and as such, one common definition cannot be claimed. Furthermore, because the United Nations Trafficking in Persons Protocol requires each nation to criminalize trafficking (UNODC, 2006), definitions can be drastically altered at the national level, which 4

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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resolution to the problem of human trafficking.  Some of the issues addressed by 
the current study that continue to undermine attempts to prevent, punish, and 
reduce the harm associated with all individuals affected by human trafficking 
include the following:
A lack of global consensus for one single definition of human trafficking
Inability to gather data and compile accurate statistical representations 
of trafficking
A lack of global consensus regarding the decriminalization of 
Issues regarding socioeconomic problems and equal rights for women 
and children in countries that dominate the supply of women and 
children for the global sex trade
A lack of consensus for a homeland security versus human security 
approach to human trafficking (a rule of law approach to human 
trafficking, as enacted by countries like the United States, versus a 
human security issue where trafficking is viewed as a crime against an 
individual and not the state).
A lack of consensus regarding the levels to which criminal 
organizations participate in human trafficking
Definitional Consensus
Although there is a level of agreement regarding definitional issues of 
trafficking, not all countries have ratified the United Nations Trafficking in 
Persons Protocol (ASIL, 2007; UNODC, 2006) and as such, one common 
definition cannot be claimed.  Furthermore, because the United Nations 
Trafficking in Persons Protocol requires each nation to criminalize trafficking 
(UNODC, 2006), definitions can be drastically altered at the national level, which 

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