All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.

International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  is ultimately where the punishment aspect of trafficking occurs. Disagreements about definitions appear even in relation to component aspects such as sex trafficking. If should thus come as no surprise that pitted against one another in the definitional debate of sex trafficking are those who contend that all acts of prostitution are exploitative and involuntary (Jeffreys, 1997, 1999), and those, like Doezema (2000), who argue that individuals can freely choose to participate in the global sex industry and are only subjected to trafficking when forced to work in sexual servitude (Busza, 2004, Doezema, 2000, 2002, 2003; Friman & Reich, 2007, Murray, 1998, Wijers, 1998). Adding to the debate are those like Kelly (2003) who argue that force should not be the contested issue because the concept of “force” can be difficult to prove and prosecute (Gulcur & Ilkkaracan, 2002; Jeffreys, 1997, 1999). Determining exploitation in a trafficking case also can be extremely arduous because, in certain circumstances, investigators may struggle to draw a distinction between victim and illegal immigrant. Joining the debate over definitions of trafficking are nongovernmental organizations that each employ varying definitions suited to the purpose of their approach to trafficking (Chuang, 1998). Reshaping human trafficking definitions in order to facilitate a cause is especially problematic because areas of human trafficking unrelated to the cause shift to the background. Although it is unlikely that a neutral definition of human trafficking can exist, definitions that focus on one component of human trafficking are troublesome. In extreme cases ulterior motives, often regarding the plight of women and their involvement in prostitution, 5

Authors: Denton, Erin.
first   previous   Page 17 of 110   next   last

background image
is ultimately where the punishment aspect of trafficking occurs.  
Disagreements about definitions appear even in relation to component 
aspects such as sex trafficking.  If should thus come as no surprise that pitted 
against one another in the definitional debate of sex trafficking are those who 
contend that all acts of prostitution are exploitative and involuntary (Jeffreys, 
1997, 1999), and those, like Doezema (2000), who argue that individuals can 
freely choose to participate in the global sex industry and are only subjected to 
trafficking when forced to work in sexual servitude (Busza, 2004, Doezema, 
2000, 2002, 2003; Friman & Reich, 2007, Murray, 1998, Wijers, 1998).   Adding 
to the debate are those like Kelly (2003) who argue that force should not be the 
contested issue because the concept of “force” can be difficult to prove and 
prosecute (Gulcur & Ilkkaracan, 2002; Jeffreys, 1997, 1999).  Determining 
exploitation in a trafficking case also can be extremely arduous because, in 
certain circumstances, investigators may struggle to draw a distinction between 
victim and illegal immigrant.
Joining the debate over definitions of trafficking are nongovernmental 
organizations that each employ varying definitions suited to the purpose of their 
approach to trafficking (Chuang, 1998).  Reshaping human trafficking definitions 
in order to facilitate a cause is especially problematic because areas of human 
trafficking unrelated to the cause shift to the background.  Although it is unlikely 
that a neutral definition of human trafficking can exist, definitions that focus on 
one component of human trafficking are troublesome.  In extreme cases ulterior 
motives, often regarding the plight of women and their involvement in prostitution, 

Convention is an application service for managing large or small academic conferences, annual meetings, and other types of events!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 17 of 110   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.