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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  trafficking and to punish those involved. Data Collection and Accurate Statistical Representations Much of the literature regarding human trafficking focuses on issues of data collection and statistical representation of trafficking, with varying methods of empirical data collection discussed and posited (Andrees, 2005; AIC, 2002; Di Nicola & Cauduro, 2007; IOM, 2000; Kelly, 2005; Laczko, 2002; Laczko & Gramegna, 2003; Tyldum & Brunovskis, 2005; UNODC, 1999, 2006). Issues regarding the abilities of governments to collect and record the number of human trafficking offences, combined with the unwillingness or inability of nation-states to gather statistics, create a dearth of reliable empirical data regarding human trafficking (Bruckert & Parent, 2002; Kelly, 2002, 2005; Laczko, 2002; Laczko & Gramegna, 2003; Okolski, 2000; Tyldum & Brunovskis, 2005, UNODC, 1999, 2006). This is especially true for nations without human trafficking legislation. Kelly (2005) suggests that: A considerable proportion of trafficking research is funded/commissioned/conducted by international organizations as one element of counter-trafficking programmes. Establishing an evidence base for interventions is to be commended, but most such commissions have short time lines and require policy relevant findings and conclusions. Pure research studies and detailed research evaluations continue to be extremely rare, and a limited number of established social scientists are involved in exploring the contours of human trafficking. These patterns contribute to several methodological weaknesses in the field. (p. 236) Kelly further examines problems with the representation of data collection in the literature and finds too few individuals willing to disclose fully their methods of research. 7

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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trafficking and to punish those involved.
Data Collection and Accurate Statistical Representations
Much of the literature regarding human trafficking focuses on issues of 
data collection and statistical representation of trafficking, with varying methods 
of empirical data collection discussed and posited (Andrees, 2005; AIC, 2002; Di 
Nicola & Cauduro, 2007; IOM, 2000; Kelly, 2005; Laczko, 2002; Laczko & 
Gramegna, 2003; Tyldum & Brunovskis, 2005; UNODC, 1999, 2006).   Issues 
regarding the abilities of governments to collect and record the number of human 
trafficking offences, combined with the unwillingness or inability of nation-states 
to gather statistics, create a dearth of reliable empirical data regarding human 
trafficking (Bruckert & Parent, 2002; Kelly, 2002, 2005; Laczko, 2002; Laczko & 
Gramegna, 2003; Okolski, 2000; Tyldum & Brunovskis, 2005, UNODC, 1999, 
2006).  This is especially true for nations without human trafficking legislation. 
Kelly (2005) suggests that:
A   considerable   proportion   of   trafficking   research   is 
funded/commissioned/conducted by international organizations as 
one   element   of   counter-trafficking   programmes.   Establishing   an 
evidence base for interventions is to be commended, but most such 
commissions   have   short   time   lines   and   require   policy   relevant 
findings   and   conclusions.     Pure   research   studies   and   detailed 
research evaluations continue to be extremely rare, and a limited 
number of established social scientists are involved in exploring the 
contours of human trafficking. These patterns contribute to several 
methodological weaknesses in the field. (p. 236)
Kelly further examines problems with the representation of data collection in the 
literature and finds too few individuals willing to disclose fully their methods of 
research. 
7


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