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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  Human trafficking legislation crafted for anti-prostitution purposes is likely to fail because the legislation is incapable of dealing with the root causes of trafficking. Literature regarding the prevalence of trafficked individuals in countries where prostitution is either decriminalized or legalized may help to address whether or not the criminalization of prostitution promotes the demand for migrant sex workers. Literature regarding the socioeconomic and human rights conditions of countries where traffickers and trafficked individuals originate may assist in addressing the motivations of those who involve themselves in human trafficking and smuggling. Socioeconomic Issues and Equal Rights for Women and Children in Supply Countries Prevalent in the human trafficking literature is the notion that women and children who are trafficked are from lower socioeconomic backgrounds and from countries where women and children are not afforded the same rights as males (Bertone, 1999; Bruckert & Parent, 2002, 2004; Chapkis, 2003; GAATW, 2000; Hysi, 2007; Jana, 2002; Long, 2007; McDonald, 2000; Stone, 1999). Vocks & Nijboer (2000) and Blanchet (2002) suggest that women who are not coerced into sexual servitude are victims of strain and anomie, and are fighting against the dichotomy of expectations and few opportunities to succeed legally in society. Shannon (1999) contends that, “poverty is a great supporter of sexual exploitation” (p. 123) and suggests that individuals who are desperate to provide for their families will sell their bodies in order to meet the demand of both the market and their families. At the root of Shannon’s statement is the notion that 14

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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Human trafficking legislation crafted for anti-prostitution purposes is likely 
to fail because the legislation is incapable of dealing with the root causes of 
trafficking.  Literature regarding the prevalence of trafficked individuals in 
countries where prostitution is either decriminalized or legalized may help to 
address whether or not the criminalization of prostitution promotes the demand 
for migrant sex workers.  Literature regarding the socioeconomic and human 
rights conditions of countries where traffickers and trafficked individuals originate 
may assist in addressing the motivations of those who involve themselves in 
human trafficking and smuggling.
Socioeconomic Issues and Equal Rights for Women and 
Children in Supply Countries
Prevalent in the human trafficking literature is the notion that women and 
children who are trafficked are from lower socioeconomic backgrounds and from 
countries where women and children are not afforded the same rights as males 
(Bertone, 1999; Bruckert & Parent, 2002, 2004; Chapkis, 2003; GAATW, 2000; 
Hysi, 2007; Jana, 2002; Long, 2007; McDonald, 2000; Stone, 1999).  Vocks & 
Nijboer (2000) and Blanchet (2002) suggest that women who are not coerced 
into sexual servitude are victims of strain and anomie, and are fighting against 
the dichotomy of expectations and few opportunities to succeed legally in society. 
Shannon (1999) contends that, “poverty is a great supporter of sexual 
exploitation” (p. 123) and suggests that individuals who are desperate to provide 
for their families will sell their bodies in order to meet the demand of both the 
market and their families.  At the root of Shannon’s statement is the notion that 
14


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