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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  whether they advocate a human security approach that defines the issue as a crime against a person, a homeland security approach that defines the issue as a crime against the state (e.g., Friman & Reich, 2007), or a market-based perspective (e.g., Williams, 1999). The latter suggests that individuals are moved as commodities and should be studied as commodities. The human security approach does not deny the body as a commodity, but conceptualizes human trafficking primarily as a crime against the individual who has been trafficked. Arguing for a “human security” perspective, Friman & Reich (2007) contend that a separation between illegal immigration and human trafficking for exploitation should occur. They suggest a stronger more definitive separation must be made regarding individuals who migrate illegally to another country in order to find labour in the licit, or illicit, work force, and those who are trafficked against their knowledge specifically for the purpose of exploitation. They argue that the trafficking of individuals for exploitation, not the illegal migration for licit or illicit work, is the human security issue. However, differentiating those who migrate illegally for work from those who migrate and are subsequently exploited could lead to additional anti-sex legislation (Chapkis, 2003). Legal framework, like anti-sex legislation, can lead to police and government discrimination against trafficked individuals because the trafficked individual will have committed a crime in the destination country (Chapkis, 2003; Doezema, 1998, 2000, 2002; Murray, 1998; Wijers, 2002). Bruckert & Parent (2004) assert: When the problem is defined as a moral, criminal, migration or public order problem, there is a tendency to opt for solutions that 17

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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whether they advocate a human security approach that defines the issue as a 
crime against a person, a homeland security approach that defines the issue as a 
crime against the state (e.g., Friman & Reich, 2007), or a market-based 
perspective (e.g., Williams, 1999).  The latter suggests that individuals are 
moved as commodities and should be studied as commodities. The human 
security approach does not deny the body as a commodity, but conceptualizes 
human trafficking primarily as a crime against the individual who has been 
trafficked.  
Arguing for a “human security” perspective, Friman & Reich (2007) 
contend that a separation between illegal immigration and human trafficking for 
exploitation should occur.  They suggest a stronger more definitive separation 
must be made regarding individuals who migrate illegally to another country in 
order to find labour in the licit, or illicit, work force, and those who are trafficked 
against their knowledge specifically for the purpose of exploitation.  They argue 
that the trafficking of individuals for exploitation, not the illegal migration for licit or 
illicit work, is the human security issue. However, differentiating those who 
migrate illegally for work from those who migrate and are subsequently exploited 
could lead to additional anti-sex legislation (Chapkis, 2003).  Legal framework, 
like anti-sex legislation, can lead to police and government discrimination against 
trafficked individuals because the trafficked individual will have committed a 
crime in the destination country (Chapkis, 2003; Doezema, 1998, 2000, 2002; 
Murray, 1998; Wijers, 2002).  Bruckert & Parent (2004) assert:
When   the   problem   is   defined   as   a   moral,   criminal,   migration   or 
public order problem, there is a tendency to opt for solutions that 
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