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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  involve control or punishment. When the problem is defined as a labour or human rights issue, positive measures can be taken in response (p. 7). Notwithstanding the aforementioned, Williams (1999) argues that it is also important that the logistical component of trafficking be studied from a market- based commodity approach. A strong understanding of how individuals are physically trafficked would allow for enforcement and detection to occur. The involvement of criminal organizations should be addressed and assessed in order to provide apt and capable enforcement and detection methodologies. The focus should specifically address the stages of the trafficking act where criminal enterprises are traditionally involved. Research regarding the organizational levels, coupled with the logistical component of human trafficking, can increase the success of combating trafficking. The Involvement of Criminal Organizations in Human Trafficking The involvement of criminal organizations in the global sex trade is not lost in the human trafficking literature (AIC 2000, 2001, 2002a, 2002b; Bruisma & Meershoek, 1999; GAATW, 2000; GSN, 1999; Human Rights Watch, 2001, 2002; Kelly, 2002; Salt, 2000; Schloenhardt, 1999; Shannon, 1999; Stoecker, 2000; Stone, 1999; Taibly, 2001; Taylor & Jamieson, 1999; Zhang & Chin, 2002). As in other areas of human trafficking literature, the definition of ‘organized crime’ is debated (Salt, 2000); however, the idea implicit within human trafficking discourse is that highly structured criminal organizations reap large monetary rewards from the trafficking of humans for the purpose of sexual exploitation (Human Rights Watch, 1995; Shannon, 1999; Williams, 1999). 18

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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involve control or punishment.   When the problem is defined as a 
labour or human rights issue, positive measures can be taken in 
response (p. 7).
Notwithstanding the aforementioned, Williams (1999) argues that it is also 
important that the logistical component of trafficking be studied from a market-
based commodity approach. A strong understanding of how individuals are 
physically trafficked would allow for enforcement and detection to occur.  The 
involvement of criminal organizations should be addressed and assessed in 
order to provide apt and capable enforcement and detection methodologies.  The 
focus should specifically address the stages of the trafficking act where criminal 
enterprises are traditionally involved.  Research regarding the organizational 
levels, coupled with the logistical component of human trafficking, can increase 
the success of combating trafficking.
The Involvement of Criminal Organizations in Human Trafficking
The involvement of criminal organizations in the global sex trade is not lost 
in the human trafficking literature (AIC 2000, 2001, 2002a, 2002b; Bruisma & 
Meershoek, 1999; GAATW, 2000; GSN, 1999; Human Rights Watch, 2001, 
2002; Kelly, 2002; Salt, 2000; Schloenhardt, 1999; Shannon, 1999; Stoecker, 
2000; Stone, 1999; Taibly, 2001; Taylor & Jamieson, 1999; Zhang & Chin, 2002). 
As in other areas of human trafficking literature, the definition of ‘organized crime’ 
is debated (Salt, 2000); however, the idea implicit within human trafficking 
discourse is that highly structured criminal organizations reap large monetary 
rewards from the trafficking of humans for the purpose of sexual exploitation 
(Human Rights Watch, 1995; Shannon, 1999; Williams, 1999).  

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