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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  aspects of the trafficking event, although the limitations of such accounts also should be considered. The unmitigated trauma inflicted on trafficked individuals could lead to an inability to reflect accurately on the trafficking event. The need for post-traumatic treatment should be attended to for trafficked individuals before they are requested to provide insight. One must also consider the possibility that not all individuals claiming to have been trafficked were, in fact, victims of trafficking. Some individuals enlist the aid of human smugglers in order to arrive in a destination country and willingly engage in sex work (Bruckert & Parent, 2004). Current legislation in the United States involving the granting of residency visas to victims of human trafficking could motivate the actions of individuals claiming trafficked status. Another step in contributing to human trafficking literature is the separation, or careful inclusion, of prostitution and human trafficking literature. Prostitution is often the end result of human trafficking, with individuals facing further moves between brothels; however, discussions of prostitution and human trafficking has not, as of yet, aided in substantially reducing the number of trafficked individuals yearly. An emphasis on the relationship between prostitution and human trafficking can lead to a heavy focus on the end result of trafficking, rather than its beginning stages. It is as important to understand the individuals who recruit, smuggle and sell individuals, as it is to understand what trafficked individuals may ultimately face as an end result. It is just as important to accept the reality that some individuals acquire the assistance of smugglers and become prostitutes by choice. An individual who does not have legal status 21

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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aspects of the trafficking event, although the limitations of such accounts also 
should be considered.  The unmitigated trauma inflicted on trafficked individuals 
could lead to an inability to reflect accurately on the trafficking event.  The need 
for post-traumatic treatment should be attended to for trafficked individuals 
before they are requested to provide insight.  One must also consider the 
possibility that not all individuals claiming to have been trafficked were, in fact, 
victims of trafficking. Some individuals enlist the aid of human smugglers in order 
to arrive in a destination country and willingly engage in sex work (Bruckert & 
Parent, 2004).  Current legislation in the United States involving the granting of 
residency visas to victims of human trafficking could motivate the actions of 
individuals claiming trafficked status.
Another step in contributing to human trafficking literature is the 
separation, or careful inclusion, of prostitution and human trafficking literature. 
Prostitution is often the end result of human trafficking, with individuals facing 
further moves between brothels; however, discussions of prostitution and human 
trafficking has not, as of yet, aided in substantially reducing the number of 
trafficked individuals yearly.  An emphasis on the relationship between 
prostitution and human trafficking can lead to a heavy focus on the end result of 
trafficking, rather than its beginning stages.  It is as important to understand the 
individuals who recruit, smuggle and sell individuals, as it is to understand what 
trafficked individuals may ultimately face as an end result.  It is just as important 
to accept the reality that some individuals acquire the assistance of smugglers 
and become prostitutes by choice.  An individual who does not have legal status 
21


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