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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  in a country will find it difficult integrating into the legal market. For women, prostitution may become the likely business venture in the illegal market without force, fraud or coercion. Human trafficking literature does not currently reflect this. It is also important to create profiles of each actor involved at all stages of the criminal act. Because criminal profiling relies on the action, or the event, in order to better understand the individual perpetrator, the secrecy of human trafficking should not affect the profiling result. Cultivating a better understanding of each actor at each stage of the trafficking event will allow proper legislation to be adopted in order to prevent and punish those who engage in trafficking, not just sexual exploitation. There also needs to be a better understanding of the difference between human trafficking and human smuggling and the rates at which each are occurring. If acts of human smuggling are characterized by law enforcement as human trafficking, crime rates regarding the two could be skewed. The lack of knowledge of human trafficking is directly reflected in the lack of research specifically analyzing characteristic traits of the human trafficker, the trafficked individual and the trafficking act. Traits such as who initiated transport, whether any force, coercion or deception was detected, where the trafficker was arrested, what role the arrested trafficker played in the trafficking act, and the gender of the trafficked individual are some of attributes of the trafficking act that are not reflected, or not adequately researched, in the human trafficking literature. Research specifically aimed at analyzing trafficking incidents resulting 22

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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in a country will find it difficult integrating into the legal market.  For women, 
prostitution may become the likely business venture in the illegal market without 
force, fraud or coercion.  Human trafficking literature does not currently reflect 
this.  
It is also important to create profiles of each actor involved at all stages of 
the criminal act.  Because criminal profiling relies on the action, or the event, in 
order to better understand the individual perpetrator, the secrecy of human 
trafficking should not affect the profiling result.  Cultivating a better understanding 
of each actor at each stage of the trafficking event will allow proper legislation to 
be adopted in order to prevent and punish those who engage in trafficking, not 
just sexual exploitation.  There also needs to be a better understanding of the 
difference between human trafficking and human smuggling and the rates at 
which each are occurring.   If acts of human smuggling are characterized by law 
enforcement as human trafficking, crime rates regarding the two could be 
skewed.
The lack of knowledge of human trafficking is directly reflected in the lack 
of research specifically analyzing characteristic traits of the human trafficker, the 
trafficked individual and the trafficking act.   Traits such as who initiated transport, 
whether any force, coercion or deception was detected, where the trafficker was 
arrested, what role the arrested trafficker played in the trafficking act, and the 
gender of the trafficked individual are some of attributes of the trafficking act that 
are not reflected, or not adequately researched, in the human trafficking 
literature.  Research specifically aimed at analyzing trafficking incidents resulting 
22


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