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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Trafficking in human beings is a growing phenomenon with an expanding body of literature. However, a gap is evident in this body of literature: original research focusing on specific incidents of human trafficking. At this time, the human trafficking literature is permeated with discussions of the sex trade, sexual exploitation, organized crime, global socioeconomic problems and human rights. While these issues are all pertinent to the human trafficking debate, the literature requires maturation. This growth should occur with research that seeks to understand the trafficking event through analysis of occurrences of human trafficking: such is the aim of this study This content analytic study examines 191 unique incidents of human trafficking as reported in international electronic print media sources. The purpose of this study is to analyze media coverage of human trafficking arrests and prosecutions for specific attributes relating to the trafficker, the trafficked individual and the trafficking event. This study will also create a supplementary constituent of human trafficking research previously unrealized: the female human trafficking offender. The results of this study indicate that women are involved as human traffickers far more than previously identified, and that law enforcement and the media frequently categorize incidents of human smuggling as human trafficking. This occurs more frequently when women are involved as the migrants of the iv

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Trafficking in human beings is a growing phenomenon with an expanding 
body of literature.  However, a gap is evident in this body of literature: original 
research focusing on specific incidents of human trafficking.  At this time, the 
human trafficking literature is permeated with discussions of the sex trade, sexual 
exploitation, organized crime, global socioeconomic problems and human rights. 
While these issues are all pertinent to the human trafficking debate, the literature 
requires maturation.   This growth should occur with research that seeks to 
understand the trafficking event through analysis of occurrences of human 
trafficking: such is the aim of this study
This content analytic study examines 191 unique incidents of human 
trafficking as reported in international electronic print media sources.  The 
purpose of this study is to analyze media coverage of human trafficking arrests 
and prosecutions for specific attributes relating to the trafficker, the trafficked 
individual and the trafficking event.  This study will also create a supplementary 
constituent of human trafficking research previously unrealized: the female 
human trafficking offender.
The results of this study indicate that women are involved as human 
traffickers far more than previously identified, and that law enforcement and the 
media frequently categorize incidents of human smuggling as human trafficking. 
This occurs more frequently when women are involved as the migrants of the 
iv


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