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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  trafficking, human smuggling and sex trafficking. If the article addressed a specific case of arrest or prosecution pertaining to human trafficking, human smuggling or sex trafficking, the article was created within NVivo as a case, which allowed for attribute coding (to be discussed in the next section). All articles not specifically associated to an incident of a trafficking act resulting in an arrest or prosecution were disregarded at this point and deleted from the database. 17 Any articles from different sources but dealing with the same trafficking incident were created as a set within NVivo; however, only one article from each set was coded for attribute values; sets, a total of thirty in this study, included two or more articles. After the deletion of articles without a direct connection between a trafficking act and an arrest or prosecution, 407 articles remained (human trafficking arrest=177, sex trafficking arrest=59, human smuggling arrest=132, human trafficking prosecution=21, sex trafficking prosecution=10, human smuggling prosecution=8) (See Table 2 to 7). Of the 407, 53 articles were duplicates, a consequence of appearing in search engine results for more than one of the search criteria topics (human trafficking, human smuggling or sex trafficking). These duplicates were not deleted because the NVivo database does not allow for duplicate cases. As such, duplicate articles did not result in duplicate cases and the absolute value of cases for attribute coding, after 17 For example, the New York Times produced several editorials generically discussing the issue of human trafficking without specifically addressing a case that could be analyzed. Another example of a category of article for deletion would be the January 19, 2007 Daily Mail article from the United Kingdom that announced a law enacted to allow the prosecution of British citizens who commit human trafficking acts in other countries. Although these articles are related to human trafficking and were retrieved via the search engine criteria, they do not specifically mention a trafficking case and were deleted because they did not meet the criteria for inclusion in this study. 32

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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trafficking, human smuggling and sex trafficking.  If the article addressed a 
specific case of arrest or prosecution pertaining to human trafficking, human 
smuggling or sex trafficking, the article was created within NVivo as a case, 
which allowed for attribute coding (to be discussed in the next section).  All 
articles not specifically associated to an incident of a trafficking act resulting in an 
arrest or prosecution were disregarded at this point and deleted from the 
Any articles from different sources but dealing with the same 
trafficking incident were created as a set within NVivo; however, only one article 
from each set was coded for attribute values; sets, a total of thirty in this study, 
included two or more articles.
After the deletion of articles without a direct connection between a 
trafficking act and an arrest or prosecution, 407 articles remained (human 
trafficking arrest=177, sex trafficking arrest=59, human smuggling arrest=132, 
human trafficking prosecution=21, sex trafficking prosecution=10, human 
smuggling prosecution=8) (See Table 2 to 7).  Of the 407, 53 articles were 
duplicates, a consequence of appearing in search engine results for more than 
one of the search criteria topics (human trafficking, human smuggling or sex 
trafficking).  These duplicates were not deleted because the NVivo database 
does not allow for duplicate cases.  As such, duplicate articles did not result in 
duplicate cases and the absolute value of cases for attribute coding, after 
  For example, the New York Times produced several editorials generically discussing the 
issue of human trafficking without specifically addressing a case that could be analyzed. 
Another example of a category of article for deletion would be the January 19, 2007 Daily Mail 
article from the United Kingdom that announced a law enacted to allow the prosecution of 
British citizens who commit human trafficking acts in other countries.  Although these articles 
are related to human trafficking and were retrieved via the search engine criteria, they do not 
specifically mention a trafficking case and were deleted because they did not meet the criteria 
for inclusion in this study.

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