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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  factoring in the number of articles assigned to sets of cases (163), was 191. 18 Attribute coding by case This study implemented attribute coding for each case in order to cultivate a greater understanding of the individuals involved at all stages of the trafficking act. The literature review in the previous chapter suggests that information regarding human trafficking is limited because research is lacking regarding specific traits of the trafficker, trafficked individual and the trafficking event. The coding instrument constructed for this study in order to obtain information from news accounts of human trafficking focused on the following characteristics of both the trafficker and trafficked individual: age, gender, initiation of transport, trafficker cooperation with others, method of transport, offender employment, previous arrests and convictions of trafficker, regions of arrest and origination, role of trafficker, and type of geographical move. The aforementioned characteristics were divided into fifteen attribute variables for coding purposes (See Appendix, Table 19). • Age of trafficker was divided into the following valuations: o Unassigned, which was utilized if the article did not identify the age of trafficker or traffickers; o 18-25; o 26-35; o 36 and older; 18 Of the 354 articles transferred into the NVivo database, 140 (39%) articles were captured by the “human smuggling arrest” and “human smuggling prosecution” search tag lines. Of these 140 articles, 30 (21%) were captured in the other search taglines. Of the 110 (79%) articles captured only in the “human smuggling” related taglines, 65 (59%) articles were directly related to incidents characterized in the article and by law enforcement as human trafficking. 33

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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factoring in the number of articles assigned to sets of cases (163), was 191.
Attribute coding by case
This study implemented attribute coding for each case in order to cultivate 
a greater understanding of the individuals involved at all stages of the trafficking 
act.  The literature review in the previous chapter suggests that information 
regarding human trafficking is limited because research is lacking regarding 
specific traits of the trafficker, trafficked individual and the trafficking event.  The 
coding instrument constructed for this study in order to obtain information from 
news accounts of human trafficking focused on the following characteristics of 
both the trafficker and trafficked individual: age, gender, initiation of transport, 
trafficker cooperation with others, method of transport, offender employment, 
previous arrests and convictions of trafficker, regions of arrest and origination, 
role of trafficker, and type of geographical move.  The aforementioned 
characteristics were divided into fifteen attribute variables for coding purposes 
(See Appendix, Table 19).
Age of trafficker was divided into the following valuations: 
o Unassigned, which was utilized if the article did not identify the 
age of trafficker or traffickers; 
o 18-25; 
o 26-35; 
o 36 and older; 
  Of the 354 articles transferred into the NVivo database, 140 (39%) articles were captured by 
the “human smuggling arrest” and “human smuggling prosecution” search tag lines.  Of these 
140 articles, 30 (21%) were captured in the other search taglines.  Of the 110 (79%) articles 
captured only in the “human smuggling” related taglines, 65 (59%) articles were directly related 
to incidents characterized in the article and by law enforcement as human trafficking.

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