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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  country for the trafficking act, the offender employment was coded as unassigned. • Previous arrest(s) of trafficker was an attribute value created in order to assess the recidivism rates of trafficking; however, the results of this attribute were missing 98% of the time. The lack of previous arrests reported in this study does not suggest that repeat offending rarely occurs for trafficking offenders. Rather, this could suggest that previous arrest information is not made known to the media, that previous arrests did not occur because of the relative novelty of trafficking legislation, or that previous arrests did not occur. • Previous conviction(s) of trafficker was created with similar intentions regarding recidivism and repeat offending and yielded the same insignificance as the previous arrest category. • Region of arrest of trafficker was divided into the following valuations regarding geographic region of arrest: Unassigned, which was used in cases where a trafficked individual was identified but the trafficker eluded arrest; Africa; Asia—not including Russia; Australia; Canada; Central America; Eastern Europe; Mexico; Middle East; Russia; South America; Southeast Asia; United States; Western Europe. • Region of origination of trafficker was divided into the same valuations as region of arrest of trafficker, but included one additional valuation: Various, which was used when multiple traffickers were involved in one trafficking act but did not all originate from the same region or country. If the article did not provide the region of origination of the trafficker, the “Unassigned” attribute value was used. However, if multiple traffickers were arrested but the region of origination was provided for only a select few, the select few were coded based on the information provided (e.g. – three individuals arrested and two identified as Mexican nationals and the other unknown, Mexico was the assigned attribute value). In any cases of uncertainty, as with all attribute values for all attribute categories, the case was designated as “Unassigned.” 38

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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country for the trafficking act, the offender employment was coded as 
unassigned.
Previous arrest(s) of trafficker was an attribute value created in order 
to assess the recidivism rates of trafficking; however, the results of this 
attribute were missing 98% of the time.  The lack of previous arrests 
reported in this study does not suggest that repeat offending rarely 
occurs for trafficking offenders. Rather, this could suggest that 
previous arrest information is not made known to the media, that 
previous arrests did not occur because of the relative novelty of 
trafficking legislation, or that previous arrests did not occur.
Previous conviction(s) of trafficker was created with similar intentions 
regarding recidivism and repeat offending and yielded the same 
insignificance as the previous arrest category.  
Region of arrest of trafficker was divided into the following valuations 
regarding geographic region of arrest: Unassigned, which was used in 
cases where a trafficked individual was identified but the trafficker 
eluded arrest; Africa; Asia—not including Russia; Australia; Canada; 
Central America; Eastern Europe; Mexico; Middle East; Russia; South 
America; Southeast Asia; United States; Western Europe.
Region of origination of trafficker was divided into the same valuations 
as region of arrest of trafficker, but included one additional valuation: 
Various, which was used when multiple traffickers were involved in one 
trafficking act but did not all originate from the same region or country. 
If the article did not provide the region of origination of the trafficker, 
the “Unassigned” attribute value was used.  However, if multiple 
traffickers were arrested but the region of origination was provided for 
only a select few, the select few were coded based on the information 
provided (e.g. – three individuals arrested and two identified as 
Mexican nationals and the other unknown, Mexico was the assigned 
attribute value).  In any cases of uncertainty, as with all attribute values 
for all attribute categories, the case was designated as “Unassigned.” 
38


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