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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  • Region of origination of trafficked individual was divided and systematically coded using the same methods employed for the region of origination of trafficker. The “Various” category was used in cases where multiple trafficked persons from multiple regions or countries were identified in one single trafficking act. • Role of trafficker was divided into the following attribute valuations: Unassigned, which was used if the article did not disclose the trafficker’s role; End user—domestic work, which was used if the trafficked person was involved in positions of domestic servitude (e.g. – housekeeper, maid, nanny, au pair); End user—labourer, which was used if the trafficked person was involved in occupations of labour outside of the home (e.g. – construction, gardener, drug runner, day labourer with variety of tasks); End user—prostitution, which was used in the trafficked individual was involved in prostitution services ranging from massage parlours, brothels, or any other form of prostitution; End user—unknown, which was used when it was clear that the trafficked individual was functioning for an end user, but the trafficked individual’s specific function was not disclosed; Middleman—transportation, which was used in all cases where the trafficker was involved in the physical transportation of the individual or was involved in the acquiring of travel documentation and additional items required for travel; Procurer, which was used when the trafficker purchased an individual from another individual for the purpose of re-sale for profit; Recruiter, which was used in cases where the trafficker recruited individuals, usually in order to exploit the trafficked individual for profit; Various—multi-dimensional role, which was used for all cases where the trafficker engaged in any of the above attribute values relating to the role of the trafficker and all cases where multiple traffickers were involved at multiple stages for one trafficking case. • Arrest of trafficked individual was divided into the following valuations in order to determine how trafficked individuals were treated after the 39

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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Region of origination of trafficked individual was divided and 
systematically coded using the same methods employed for the region 
of origination of trafficker.  The “Various” category was used in cases 
where multiple trafficked persons from multiple regions or countries 
were identified in one single trafficking act.
Role of trafficker was divided into the following attribute valuations: 
Unassigned, which was used if the article did not disclose the 
trafficker’s role; End user—domestic work, which was used if the 
trafficked person was involved in positions of domestic servitude (e.g. 
– housekeeper, maid, nanny, au pair); End user—labourer, which was 
used if the trafficked person was involved in occupations of labour 
outside of the home (e.g. – construction, gardener, drug runner, day 
labourer with variety of tasks); End user—prostitution, which was used 
in the trafficked individual was involved in prostitution services ranging 
from massage parlours, brothels, or any other form of prostitution; End 
user—unknown, which was used when it was clear that the trafficked 
individual was functioning for an end user, but the trafficked individual’s 
specific function was not disclosed; Middleman—transportation, which 
was used in all cases where the trafficker was involved in the physical 
transportation of the individual or was involved in the acquiring of travel 
documentation and additional items required for travel; Procurer, which 
was used when the trafficker purchased an individual from another 
individual for the purpose of re-sale for profit; Recruiter, which was 
used in cases where the trafficker recruited individuals, usually in order 
to exploit the trafficked individual for profit; Various—multi-dimensional 
role, which was used for all cases where the trafficker engaged in any 
of the above attribute values relating to the role of the trafficker and all 
cases where multiple traffickers were involved at multiple stages for 
one trafficking case.
Arrest of trafficked individual was divided into the following valuations 
in order to determine how trafficked individuals were treated after the 

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