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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  trafficking act: Unassigned, which was used in cases where the arrest of the trafficked individual was not disclosed; No; Yes-immigration related, which was used when trafficked individuals were arrested for immigration violations; Yes—prostitution related, which was used when trafficked individuals were arrested for their prostitution related activities; Yes—for other offences, which was used when the trafficker was arrested for either undisclosed reasons or the trafficker was arrested for other offences relating to the trafficking act (e.g. – Asian and Southeast Asian trafficked individuals were often arrested for Immoral Trafficking if engaged in activities deemed immoral by the arresting government). • Type of geographical move was divided into the following valuations in order to assess the modes of geographical transport frequented by human traffickers and smugglers: Unassigned, which was used when a lack of information was available in order to assess the type of move; Cross-border—country to country, which was used when a direct border cross occurred (e.g. – border-sharing countries) and was used when a direct-flight via air was utilized for movement of the trafficked individual 25 ; Cross-border—several countries, which was used when evidence suggested that several border crossing occurred from origination to destination country; International—continent to continent, which was used when trafficked individuals were moved from one continent to another regardless of the geographical proximity of the movement between continents (e.g. – if an individual moved from Russia to Britain, this was assessed as an international move because two continents were involved); Regional—no border cross, which was used for all cases where the trafficking act, for which the trafficker was arrested, occurred within a single country and no border crossing 25 Direct flights likely created a situation where only one border crossing occurred and traffickers and trafficked individuals were not required to clear immigration at multiple border crossings, if applicable. 40

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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trafficking act: Unassigned, which was used in cases where the arrest 
of the trafficked individual was not disclosed; No; Yes-immigration 
related, which was used when trafficked individuals were arrested for 
immigration violations; Yes—prostitution related, which was used when 
trafficked individuals were arrested for their prostitution related 
activities; Yes—for other offences, which was used when the trafficker 
was arrested for either undisclosed reasons or the trafficker was 
arrested for other offences relating to the trafficking act (e.g. – Asian 
and Southeast Asian trafficked individuals were often arrested for 
Immoral Trafficking if engaged in activities deemed immoral by the 
arresting government).
Type of geographical move was divided into the following valuations in 
order to assess the modes of geographical transport frequented by 
human traffickers and smugglers: Unassigned, which was used when a 
lack of information was available in order to assess the type of move; 
Cross-border—country to country, which was used when a direct 
border cross occurred (e.g. – border-sharing countries) and was used 
when a direct-flight via air was utilized for movement of the trafficked 
individual
; Cross-border—several countries, which was used when 
evidence suggested that several border crossing occurred from 
origination to destination country; International—continent to continent, 
which was used when trafficked individuals were moved from one 
continent to another regardless of the geographical proximity of the 
movement between continents (e.g. – if an individual moved from 
Russia to Britain, this was assessed as an international move because 
two continents were involved); Regional—no border cross, which was 
used for all cases where the trafficking act, for which the trafficker was 
arrested, occurred within a single country and no border crossing 
25
  Direct flights likely created a situation where only one border crossing occurred and traffickers 
and trafficked individuals were not required to clear immigration at multiple border crossings, if 
applicable.
40


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